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Table 5 Hazard ratios (HR) and confidence intervals (CI) for the association between the different anthropometric measures and total mortality for men and women by quartiles; the second quartile was set as the reference category

From: New indexes of body fat distribution and sex-specific risk of total and cause-specific mortality: a prospective cohort study

Total mortality Men Women
HR 95% CI p-value HR 95% CI p-value
Body mass index
 1st quartile 1.18 1.00 1.38 0.044 1.12 0.88 1.43 0.347
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 0.91 0.79 1.06 0.213 1.00 0.83 1.21 0.988
 4th quartile 1.21 1.06 1.39 0.007 1.29 1.07 1.56 0.007
Body adiposity index
 1st quartile 1.12 0.93 1.34 0.250 1.09 0.84 1.42 0.520
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 1.02 0.87 1.19 0.822 1.00 0.82 1.21 0.987
 4th quartile 1.23 1.06 1.42 0.006 1.18 0.98 1.43 0.085
Waist circumference
 1st quartile 1.15 0.97 1.37 0.118 0.98 0.74 1.31 0.904
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 0.99 0.85 1.15 0.909 1.22 1.01 1.49 0.043
 4th quartile 1.28 1.12 1.47 <.0001 1.63 1.35 1.97 <.0001
Waist to hip ratio
 1st quartile 1.04 0.85 1.26 0.717 0.68 0.50 0.93 0.015
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 1.12 0.97 1.30 0.119 1.29 1.05 1.58 0.014
 4th quartile 1.35 1.17 1.55 <.0001 1.63 1.35 1.97 <.0001
Waist to height ratio
 1st quartile 1.34 1.10 1.64 0.004 1.03 0.76 1.40 0.846
 2nd quartile 1.00     1.00    
 3rd quartile 1.16 1.00 1.35 0.054 1.20 0.98 1.47 0.079
 4th quartile 1.46 1.27 1.69 <.0001 1.61 1.32 1.95 <.0001
  1. Values are adjusted for age, survey, education level, alcohol intake, smoking status, physical activity, and time/smoking status interaction