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Table 3 Baseline characteristics in women (mean ± SD for continuous variables, % for categorized variables) for the total sample, total and cause-specific mortality

From: New indexes of body fat distribution and sex-specific risk of total and cause-specific mortality: a prospective cohort study

  Total sample Total mortality CVD deaths Cancer deaths
Women n = 6637 No (n = 5738) Yes (n = 899)   n = 385   n = 307  
Survey (n; S2/S3/S4) 2306/2230/2101 1798/1950/1990 508/280/111   224/126/35   172/79/56  
   Mean ± SD or % Mean ± SD or% p value Mean ± SD or % p value Mean ± SD or% p value
Age (y) 49.18 ± 13.83 46.92 ± 13.041 63.54 ± 9.381 < 0.0001 64.92 ± 8.283 < 0.0001 61.24 ± 10.193 < 0.0001
Low/high education level 86.61/13.39 85.27/14.73 95.11/4.89 < 0.0001 95.58/4.42 < 0.0001 92.51/7.49 0.0019
Alkohol intake
0/0.1–19.9/> 19.9 g/d
43.39/39.19/17.42 41.41/40.68/17.92 56.06/29.70/14.24 < 0.0001 57.66/27.79/14.55 0.0002 51.79/32.90/15.31 0.0095
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 231.09 ± 45.27 227.71 ± 43.850 252.65 ± 48.214 < 0.0001 259.36 ± 46.107 < 0.0001 244.96 ± 48.43 < 0.0001
Smoking status
current/ex/never
21.29/20.25/58.46 21.87/20.98/57.15 17.58/15.57/66.85 < 0.0001 15.06/15.58/69.35 < 0.0001 19.54/15.31/65.15 < 0.0001
phys.act active/inactive 41.45/58.55 44.14/55.86 24.25/75.75 < 0.0001 21.56/78.44 < 0.0001 28.01/71.99 < 0.0001
Hypertension yes/no 33.39/66.61 28.81/71.19 62.63/37.37 < 0.0001 70.13/29.87 < 0.0001 55.05/44.95 < 0.0001
Blood pressure systolic (mmHg) 127.24 ± 20.06 124.88 ± 18.70 142.34 ± 21.82 < 0.0001 145.28 ± 22.38 < 0.0001 139.01 ± 21.49 < 0.0001
Blood pressure diastolic (mmHg) 78.02 ± 10.65 77.76 ± 10.44 79.68 ± 11.77 < 0.0001 80.09 ± 12.30 < 0.0001 79.33 ± 11.23 < 0.0001
Weight (kg) 69.24 ± 12.99 68.91 ± 12.937 71.39 ± 13.158 < 0.0001 71.62 ± 13.555 < 0.0001 72.13 ± 13.029 < 0.0001
Waist circumference (cm) 83.36 ± 12.24 82.400 ± 12.044 89.47 ± 11.712 < 0.0001 89.94 ± 11.886 < 0.0001 89.32 ± 11.482 < 0.0001
Hip circumference (cm) 103.37 ± 10.55 102.95 ± 10.494 106.03 ± 10.530 < 0.0001 106.50 ± 10.584 < 0.0001 106.0 ± 10.448 < 0.0001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.62 ± 5.09 26.33 ± 5.035 28.50 ± 5.016 < 0.0001 28.69 ± 5.083 < 0.0001 28.52 ± 5.17 < 0.0001
Waist to height ratio 0.518 ± 0.081 0.510 ± 0.080 0.566 ± 0.077 < 0.0001 0.570 ± 0.077 < 0.0001 0.562 ± 0.078 < 0.0001
Waist to hip ratio 0.805 ± 0.064 0.800 ± 0.062 0.843 ± 0.058 < 0.0001 0.843 ± 0.059 < 0.0001 0.840 ± 0.059 < 0.0001
Body adiposity index 32.549 ± 6.067 32.11 ± 5.971 35.38 ± 5.918 < 0.0001 35.75 ± 5.769 < 0.0001 35.07 ± 6.158 < 0.0001