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Table 4 Mention and Discussion of risk factors for cancer in newspaper articles

From: Mass media and risk factors for cancer: the under-representation of age

  2003–4 (n = 317) 2013–14 (n = 483) Chi-square
  Mentioned Discussed Mentioned Discussed p-value
  n 1% n 1% n 2% n 2%  
ALL SITES (n = 800)
Age 48 15.1 11 1.4 49 6.1 9 1.1 0.034
Diet 34 10.7 17 2.1 51 6.4 20 2.5 0.94
Family history and/or genes 54 17 16 5 58 12 42 8.7 0.337
Smoking 14 4.4 8 1 34 4.3 7 0.9 0.127
Alcohol 20 6.3 9 1.1 27 3.4 6 0.8 0.672
Environment 13 4.1 2 0.3 8 1 4 0.5 0.034
BREAST (n = 514)
Age 35 15.5 9 4 24 8.3 3 1 0.012
Diet 25 11.1 16 7.1 32 11.1 13 4.5 0.986
Family history and / or genes 44 19.5 14 6.2 44 15.3 27 9.4 0.075
Smoking 8 3.5 3 1.3 9 3.1 1 0.3 0.794
Alcohol 18 8 9 4 16 5.6 6 2.1 0.275
Environment 9 4 0 0 2 0.7 1 0.3 0.011
PROSTATE (n = 162)
Age 8 15.4 2 3.8 15 13.6 4 3.6 0.766
Diet 6 11.5 1 1.9 5 4.5 6 5.5 0.099
Family history and / or genes 7 13.5 2 3.8 8 7.3 8 7.3 0.608
Smoking 0 0 0 0 2 1.8 0 0 0.328
Alcohol 1 1.9 0 0 2 1.8 0 0 0.963
Environment 2 3.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.038
LUNG (n = 63)
Age 0 0 0 0 1 2.3 1 2.3 0.492
Diet 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Family history and / or genes 1 5 0 0 3 7 2 4.7 0.492
Smoking 6 30 5 25 18 41.9 6 14 0.367
Alcohol 1 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.139
Environment 2 10 2 10 6 14 3 7 0.661
COLORECTAL (n = 61)
Age 5 25 0 0 9 21.4 1 2.4 0.674
Diet 3 15 0 0 14 33.3 1 2.4 0.157
Family history and / or genes 2 10.5 0 0 3 7.1 5 11.9 0.656
Genes 0 0 0 0 2 4.8 3 7.1 0.333
Smoking 0 0 0 0 5 11.9 0 0 0.116
Alcohol 0 0 0 0 9 21.4 0 0 0.029
Environment 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 n/a
  1. P-values are (p < 0.05)