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Table 2 Multi-level multivariable logistic regression of factors associated with awareness of H7N9 or MERS

From: Adequacy of public health communications on H7N9 and MERS in Singapore: insights from a community based cross-sectional study

  H7N9 MERS
Variable Odds ratio 95% CI P-value Odds ratio 95% CI P-value
Gender
 Male 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 Female 0.86 (0.70, 1.07) 0.169 0.90 (0.72, 1.14) 0.391
Age group
 16–21 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 22–39 1.34 (0.91, 1.97) 0.133 1.76 (1.10, 2.83) 0.019*
 40–59 3.24 (2.21, 4.77) < 0.001* 4.35 (2.71, 6.98) < 0.001*
  ≥ 60 2.79 (1.74, 4.49) < 0.001* 6.00 (3.44, 10.45) < 0.001*
Ethnicity
 Chinese 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 Malay 0.40 (0.29, 0.54) < 0.001* 1.48 (1.08, 2.05) 0.016*
 Indian 0.35 (0.25, 0.49) < 0.001* 1.21 (0.87, 1.67) 0.260
 Others 0.72 (0.34, 1.52) 0.384 2.53 (1.22, 5.25) 0.013*
Housing
 Public – 3 rooms and below 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 Public – 4 rooms and above 1.22 (0.93, 1.60) 0.152 1.30 (0.97, 1.74) 0.079
Private 0.88 (0.52, 1.49) 0.637 1.50 (0.89, 2.54) 0.128
Highest education attainment
 Primary 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 Secondary 1.72 (1.25, 2.37) 0.001* 2.09 (1.43, 3.06) < 0.001*
 Tertiary 2.80 (1.87, 4.20) < 0.001* 4.11 (2.60, 6.51) < 0.001*
Preferred source of information
 Television and/or radio 1.46 (0.99, 2.15) 0.055 1.13 (0.74, 1.72) 0.569
 Printed media 1.62 (1.23, 2.13) 0.001* 1.50 (1.10, 2.03) 0.009*
 Websites/ Internet 1.57 (1.16, 2.11) 0.003* 1.76 (1.28, 2.43) 0.001*
 Social media 1.11 (0.83, 1.47) 0.492 0.91 (0.67, 1.23) 0.529
 From friends and/or colleagues 0.96 (0.68, 1.34) 0.803 0.80 (0.55, 1.17) 0.248
 From family members and/or relatives 0.58 (0.41, 0.82) 0.002* 0.99 (0.67, 1.46) 0.968
  1. *Significant difference between variable and H7N9 or MERS awareness at P < 0.05