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Table 1 Most common occupational carcinogenic agents/groups in SIREP database and number of measurements by exposure level

From: Gender differences in occupational exposure to carcinogens among Italian workers

Agent/group CAS n° Agent in group L M H
Acrylamide 79–06-1   1920 376 151
Acrylonitrile 107–13-1   950 30
Benzene 71–43-2   18,674 805 682
1,3-butadiene 106–99-0   2775 66 36
Vinyl chloride monomer 75–01-4   775 217
1,2-dichloroethane 107–06-2   654 36 55
Formaldehyde 50–00-0   1077 207 374
Epichlorohydrine 106–89-8   702 40 39
Hydrazine 302–01-2   512 115 169
Ethylene oxide 75–21-8   587 67 31
Propylene oxide 75–56-9   666 42 29
Trichlorethylene 79–01-6   931 70 85
Dinitrotoluene (isomers mixture) 25321-14-6   687 1 17
Hardwood dust   56,836 21,588 10,030
Refractory ceramic fibers 142844-00-6   248 72 116
Asbestos 12172-73-5 Amosite 698 385 31
12001-29-5 Chrysotile 3540 706 196
12001-28-4 Crocidolite 525 509 24
132207-32-0 Asbestos 205 134 58
Silica crystalline 14808-60-7 Quartz 500 218 104
14464-46-1 Cristobalite 258 46 451
PAHs 56–55-3 Benzo[a]anthracene 1591 13 48
50–32-8 Benzo[a]pyrene 1566 105 120
205–99-2 Benzo[b]fluoranthene 1313 49 18
205–82-3 Benzo[j]fluoranthene 863 49 42
207–08-9 Benzo[k]fluoranthene 1269 49 18
53–70-3 Dibenz[a,h]anthracene 914 14 17
192–97-2 Benzo[e]pyrene 1138 5
218–01-9 Chrysene 1360 13 5
Particulate PAH 2501 92 206
Chromium VI and compounds 1333–82-0 Chromium trioxide 7005 232 607
7789–00-6 Potassium chromate 231 2
7789–06-2 Strontium chromate 281 59 137
7440–47-3 Chromium 3494 17 78
Nickel and compounds Insoluble compounds 867 14 22
1313–99-1 Nickel(II) oxide 1538 118 73
7786–81-4 Nickel(II) sulfate 1073 233 111
7440–02-0 Nickel 3315 11 25
7791–20-0 Nickel(II) chloride 752 48 80
Cadmium 7440–43-9   620 12 56
Overall    125,411 26,641 14,565
  1. PAH Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon, L low level, M moderate level, H high level