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Table 4 Results of multi-level analyses examining regional differences in the effect of community level factors on modern contraceptive use among young women in low- and middle income countries

From: Community influences on modern contraceptive use among young women in low and middle-income countries: a cross-sectional multi-country analysis

Community level variable African Region Eastern Mediterranean Region European Region Americas South East Asia Western Pacific Region
AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Community mean age at marriage 1.025*** 1.15 1.306*** 0.942*** 0.713*** 1.016
[1.02,1.03] [0.95,1.39] [1.12,1.52] [0.92,0.96] [0.61,0.83] [0.87,1.19]
Community mean age at first birth 0.938*** 0.782* 0.964 1.018 0.900** 0.909
[0.93,0.95] [0.64,0.95] [0.84,1.10] [0.99,1.04] [0.83,0.97] [0.81,1.02]
Community mean age at sexual debut 0.947*** 1 0.558*** 0.861*** 1.206* 0.995
[0.94,0.96] [1.00,1.00] [0.49,0.64] [0.84,0.89] [1.04,1.40] [0.85,1.16]
Community mean ideal number of children 0.706*** 0.588*** 0.719*** 0.882*** 0.342*** 0.622***
[0.70,0.71] [0.48,0.72] [0.62,0.84] [0.84,0.93] [0.31,0.37] [0.58,0.67]
Community mean mass media exposure score 1.012** 0.997 1.121* 0.941*** 0.897*** 1.073*
[1.00,1.02] [0.86,1.16] [1.03,1.23] [0.92,0.96] [0.86,0.93] [1.01,1.14]
Community mean household decision-making autonomy score 1.106*** 1.451*** 1.042 1.088*** 1.169*** 1.132**
[1.10,1.12] [1.18,1.78] [0.97,1.12] [1.07,1.11] [1.11,1.23] [1.05,1.22]
Community mean attitudes towards intimate partner violence score 0.985*** 0.833** 0.945** 0.857*** 1.030* 0.960**
[0.98,0.99] [0.75,0.93] [0.91,0.98] [0.83,0.89] [1.00,1.06] [0.93,0.99]
Community mean years of completed education 1.062*** 1.075* 1.171*** 1.049*** 1.158*** 0.877***
[1.05,1.07] [1.01,1.15] [1.07,1.28] [1.03,1.07] [1.12,1.20] [0.82,0.93]
Community mean household wealth score 1 1 1 1.000*** 1.000* 1.000**
[1.00,1.00] [1.00,1.00] [1.00,1.00] [1.00,1.00] [1.00,1.00] [1.00,1.00]
  1. All analyses adjusted for age, education level, current marital status, type of place of residence, household wealth, exposure to mass media and living number of children
  2. ***p < .001; **p < .05; *p < 1.0