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Table 1 Social-demographic and condom use characteristics of men who buy sex before and after brothel closure

From: Trends in unprotected intercourse among heterosexual men before and after brothel ban in Siem Reap, Cambodia: a serial cross-sectional study (2003–2012)

Variables Total
N = 976
Brothel closure p-value
Before
(N = 757)
After
(N = 219)
n % n % n %
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Age (years)a
   < 20 31 (3.2) 20 (2.6) 11 (5.1) 0.003
  20–29 504 (51.7) 373 (49.3) 131 (60.1)
  30–39 320 (32.8) 267 (35.3) 53 (24.3)
   ≥ 40 120 (12.3) 97 (12.8) 23 (10.6)
 Median age (years), (range) 28 (17–65) 29 (17–65) 26 (17–57)  
 Education levela
  No formal education 37 (3.8) 30 (4.0) 7 (3.2) 0.605
  Primary (1–6 years) 303 (31.1) 240 (31.8) 63 (28.8)
  Secondary (7–12 years) 596 (61.1) 454 (60.1) 142 (64.8)
  College and university 39 (4.0) 32 (4.2) 7 (3.2)
 Marital statusa
  Never married 452 (46.5) 335 (44.3) 117 (53.9) < 0.001
  Married 463 (47.6) 379 (50.1) 84 (38.7)
  Divorced/separated 32 (3.3) 30 (4.0) 2 (0.9)
  Widowed 26 (2.7) 12 (1.6) 14 (6.5)
 Income per month (USD)a
   < 100 503 (53.0) 444 (59.9) 59 (28.4) < 0.001
  100–200 302 (31.8) 201 (27.1) 101 (48.6)
  201–300 80 (8.4) 54 (7.3) 26 (12.5)
   > 300 64 (6.7) 42 (5.7) 22 (10.6)
 Alcohol consumptiona
  No 52 (5.3) 52 (6.9) 0 (0.0) < 0.001
  Current occasional drinker 775 (79.5) 579 (76.6) 196 (89.5)
  Regular drinker 148 (15.2) 125 (16.5) 23 (10.5)
Sex workers
 Types of sex workersa
  Brothel based only 579 (70.8) 470 (77.1) 109 (52.4) < 0.001
  Non-brothel based only 206 (25.2) 110 (18.0) 96 (46.2)
  Both brothel and non-brothel based 33 (4.0) 30 (4.9) 3 (1.4)  
Condom use with sex workersb
 Condom use for vaginal sex in the last 6 months
  Yes 553 (56.7) 474 (62.6) 79 (36.1) < 0.001
  No 423 (43.3) 283 (37.4) 140 (63.9)  
 Condom use for vaginal sex in the last weeka
  Yes 520 (63.0) 409 (66.5) 111 (52.9) < 0.001
  No 305 (37.0) 206 (33.5) 99 (47.1)  
 Who provided condom for the last vaginal sex?a
  Sex workersb 381 (88.4) 375 (90.6) 6 (35.3) < 0.001
  Own self 50 (11.6) 39 (9.4) 11 (64.7)  
  1. USD; United States dollar, STD/HIV; sexually transmitted diseases/human immunodeficiency virus
  2. aExclude missing values
  3. bInclude brothel and non-brothel based sex workers