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Table 5 State Government Plans that Include Guidance to Local Education Agencies or Schools on Pandemic Influenza Preparedness

From: School practices to promote social distancing in K-12 schools: review of influenza pandemic policies and practices

State Type of plan Author Year Address hygiene Address school closure Address distance learning Listed School Practices to Promote Social Distancing
AL [39] Pandemic Influenza AL Department of Education 2014 Yes Yes Yes 1) Cancel all extra-curricular activities.
2) Limit or discontinue all meetings, gatherings, field trips, extracurricular activities, etc., until county health department lifts pandemic conditions.
3) Limit or discontinue travel within the school district.
4) Suspend all transportation and work at the bus shop.
5) Limit or discontinue access to vendors and visitors from outside the school district.
AK [40] Infectious Disease AK Department of Health and Social Services 2013 Yes No No None listed
AZ [41] Pandemic Influenza AZ Department of Education 2009 Yes Yes Yes 1) Incorporate flexible work hours and schedules while also utilizing employee spacing techniques to reduce crowding and close proximity (e.g., staggered shifts, telecommuting, teleconference meetings, separate office spaces).
AR [42] Pandemic Influenza AR Department of Health 2014 Yes Yes No 1) Snow days: simultaneous closure of offices, schools, and other non-essential community activities for a specified period of time.
CA [43] Pandemic Influenza CA Department of Education 2014 Yes Yes Yes 1) Alternate scheduling
2) Before- and after- school programs closures
CO [44] Pandemic Influenza CO Department of Public Health 2009 Yes Yes Yes None listed
CT [45] Clinical Procedure Guidelines for School Nurses CT Department of Education 2012 Yes Yes Yes None listed
DC [46] General Emergency DC Department of Education 2009 Yes Yes Yes 1) Staggered school times
2) Canceling sports events and other mass gatherings
3) Spacing students’ desks three feet apart in small pods or clusters.
4) Discouraging prolonged congregation in hallways, lunch rooms, etc.
5) Staggering bus routes so there are fewer people on each route.
6) Limiting group activities and interaction between classes.
7) Canceling gym class, choir, or other school activities that place individuals in close proximity.
DE [47] General Emergency DE Department of Education 2010 Yes Yes No None listed
FL NG*       
GA [48] Pandemic Influenza GA Department of Education 2015 Yes Yes Yes 1) Students’ desks be spaced three (3) feet apart
2) Limit group activities and interaction between classes.
3) Cancel or modify gym class, choir or other school activities that place individuals in close proximity.
4) Gatherings of groups larger than normal class size should be cancelled and avoided (e.g. assemblies, recess).
5) Cancel all extra-curricular activities.
6) Prohibit congregation in hall ways and lunchrooms; if possible, serve box lunches in classrooms to avoid gathering of students in the cafeteria;
7) Stagger class changes to avoid large groups of students in the hallway
8) Stagger dismissal for the same reason;
9) Stagger bus routes to reduce the number of students on each bus.
HI NG*       
ID [49] Pandemic Influenza ID Department of Health and Welfare 2006 Yes Yes No None listed
IL [50] Pandemic Influenza IL Department of Public Health 2006 Yes Yes Yes None listed
IN [51] Communicable Disease IN Department of Health, Epidemiology Resource Center 2015 Yes No No None listed
IA [52] General Emergency IA Department of Public Health & Iowa Department of Education 2012 No No No None listed
KS NG*       
KY NG*       
LA [53] Pandemic Influenza LA Department of Health and Hospitals 2011 Yes Yes Yes None listed
ME NG*       
MD [54] Communicable Disease MD Department of Education; MD Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; MD State School Health Council 2002 Yes No No None listed
MA NG*       
MI [55] Pandemic Influenza MI Department of Community Health 2006 Yes Yes Yes 1) Cancel extracurricular activities
2) Modify work practices/schedules
MN NG*       
MS [56] Pandemic Influenza State of MS 2013 Yes Yes Yes None listed
MO [57] Communicable Disease MO Department of Health and Senior Services 2011 Yes Yes No None listed
MT [58] Pandemic Influenza MT Office of Public Instruction 2007 Yes Yes Yes None listed
NE [59] General Emergency NE Department of Health and Human Services 2012 Yes Yes Yes None listed
NV NG*       
NH [60] Pandemic Influenza NH Department of Education, School Health consultant 2008 Yes Yes Yes None listed
NJ [61] Pandemic Influenza NJ Department of Health 2015 Yes Yes No None listed
NM [62] Pandemic Influenza NM Public Education Department and Department of Health 2007 Yes Yes Yes None listed
NY [63] Pandemic Influenza NY Department of Health 2007 Yes Yes Yes 1) Cancel any non-academic events (in the case of school closure)
NC [64] Pandemic Influenza NC Department of Health and Human Services UK No Yes No 1) Reduced school activity calendar
ND NG*       
OH [65] Pandemic Influenza OH Department of Education 2009 Yes Yes Yes 1) Cancel non-academic events
OK [66] General Emergency OK Department of Health UK Yes Yes Yes 1) Cancel non-academic events
OR [67] Pandemic Influenza OR Department of Education 2008 Yes Yes Yes None listed
PA [68] Pandemic Influenza PA Department of Health 2009 Yes Yes No None listed
RI NG*       
SC NG*       
SD NG*       
TN [69] Pandemic Influenza TN Department of Education and Department of Health 2009 Yes Yes Yes 1) Rotating teachers between classrooms while keeping the same group of students in one classroom
2) Canceling classes that bring students together from multiple classrooms
3) Holding classes outdoors
4) Postponing class trips
5) Discouraging use of school buses and public transit
6) Dividing classes into smaller groups,
7) Moving desks farther apart, and
8) Moving classes to larger spaces to allow more space between students
TX [70] Infectious Disease TX Association of School Boards 2014 Yes Yes Yes 1) Non-essential travel for sports, other competitions, or field trips may be cancelled by a district superintendent or designee.
UT [71] Pandemic Influenza UT Department of Health and Utah Office of Education 2006 Yes Yes No 1) Spacing students’ desks three (3) feet apart, in small pods or clusters.
2) Discourage prolonged congregation in hallways, lunchrooms, etc.
3) Staggered school times
4) Staggered bus routes, so fewer people are on each route
5) Limit group activities and interaction between classes
6) Cancelling gym classes, choir, or other activities that place individuals in close proximity.
VT [72] Pandemic Influenza VVVT Agency of Human Services 2008 No Yes Yes None listed
VA [73] Pandemic Influenza VA Department of Education 2008 Yes Yes Yes 1) Move desks further apart
2) Maintain space between people when walking in the hallways,
3) other strategies to decrease large numbers of students intermingling such as suspending programs held in the school auditorium, canceling sporting events, and eating lunch in the cafeteria.
4) Rotate teachers instead of students
5) Suspension of activities, including sporting events, arts performances, and classes as determined by the school division superintendent in consultation with the local health department director and community emergency response team.
6) Gatherings of groups larger than normal class size may be limited or suspended during the school day (e.g. assemblies, recess).
7) Bus transportation for students, on and off campus, may be consolidated or suspended. In some instances, staggered bus routes should be considered to decrease the number of students on each bus.
8) Students’ desks be spaced three (3) feet apart.
9) Discourage prolonged congregation in hall ways and lunch rooms.
10) Stagger school schedules
11) Limit group activities and interaction between classes.
12) Cancel gym class, choir or other school activities that place individuals in close proximity
13) Modify school hours/days of operation (i.e., students with last names A-J come to school Monday and Wednesday, students with last names K-Z come to school on Tuesday and Thursday)
14) Stagger school hours (split days or weeks)
WA [74] Infectious Disease Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction 2014 Yes Yes No None listed
WV [75] Pandemic Influenza WV Department of Education UK Yes Yes Yes 1) Close non-essential agency functions;
2) Increase telecommuting, flex scheduling and other options;
3) Cancel all public assemblies or after school activities.
WI [76] Pandemic Influenza WI Department of Public Instruction 2009 Yes Yes Yes None listed
WY NG*       
  1. Notes: NG* refers to no guidance to local education agencies or schools that falls within scope; UK: Unknown