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Table 3 Most Common Types of School Practices Discussed in Literature to Create Physical Distance Among Students Enrolled in Brick-and-Mortar Public Schools, 2000–2016

From: School practices to promote social distancing in K-12 schools: review of influenza pandemic policies and practices

Category Examples # (%) (n = 16 articles)
Cancelling or postponing after school activities Cancel performances, sports practices, or games 6 (38%)
Increasing space among students during in-person instruction Move class outdoors; re-arrange desks to increase space; divide classes into smaller groups; require that students remain seated while in class 5 (31%)
Canceling classes or activities that occur within the school day with a high rate of mixing/contact Cancel physical education class; cancel field trips; cancel choir 5 (31%)
Partial closure Closure of one class; closure of one grade 4 (25%)
Reduced schedule Shorter school week; shorter school day; students come on alternating days 3 (19%)
Suspending use of common areas Lunch in class rather than in lunch room; no recess 2 (13%)
Segregating students within common areas Require that students only eat with classmates in lunchroom; require that students stay in assigned section of school yard 1 (6%)
Reducing the load on common areas through altered scheduling Let classes out at different times so fewer students are in the hall at any one time 1 (6%)
Implementing standard workplace social distancing measures for teachers and other staff Reduce face to face meetings; cancel staff meetings 1 (6%)
Reducing mixing during transport Suspend buses; discourage use of public transportation 1 (6%)