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Table 2 Articles Included in Literature Review, 2000–2016

From: School practices to promote social distancing in K-12 schools: review of influenza pandemic policies and practices

Article Article Type Location School Practice(s)
Agent-Based Simulation Model
 Ridenhour [20] Peer-reviewed N/A Hall restriction: Defined walking area between classrooms, lunchroom, and schoolyard (e.g., right-hand side of any hall); classroom restriction: Must remain seated while in class; schoolyard restriction: Must stay in a randomly specified schoolyard area (may or may not be classroom-specific); lunchroom restriction: Must only eat with classmates; different schedules/each classroom follows one of three schedules (current schedule, a shift of 45 min, a shift of 90 min)
 Adalja [31] Peer-reviewed N/A Segregating small clusters of children to different parts of the rooma; lunch in classrooms/no congregating for luncha; cancel gym classa
 Fumanelli [32] Peer-reviewed N/A Class or grade closure (in contrast to full school closure)a
 Gemmetto [33] Peer-reviewed N/A Class closure; grade closure
 Lofgren [34] Peer-reviewed N/A Closure of playground/common areas
 Cooley [35] Peer-reviewed N/A Shorter school week: 4 days instead of 5
Commentary/ Newsletter/Magazine Article
 McGiboney [13] Commentary DeKalb County, Georgia Cancel fieldtrips; cancel afterschool activities; distance learning (e.g., cable channel lesson plans, study packets, online lessons)
 Education Digest [36] Newsletter/ Magazine National Move desks apart; cancel classes that bring together children from different classrooms
 Ash [14] Newsletter/ Magazine National Distance learning
Surveys of Practices during 2009 H1N1 Pandemic
 Miller [16] Peer-reviewed Pennsylvania Cancel activities
 Nasrullah [17] Peer-reviewed Georgia Cancel or postpone activities
 Rebmann [18] Peer-reviewed 26 states Discourage face-to-face meetings in schools
 Shi [15] Peer-reviewed Michigan Rearrange classroom to keep students further apart
Cancel or postpone school activities such as field trips, school performances, practices, and games
 Dooyema [19] Peer-reviewed Michigan Move desks apart; cancel or postpone fieldtrips, performances, practices, after-school programs; divide classes into smaller groups; hold class outdoors (0%); move classes into larger spaces; crowd-reducing methods of transportation (e.g., no busing)
Epidemiologic Study
 Stehlé [37] Peer-reviewed Francea,b Class closurea, altered schedules to prevent mixinga
 Sugisaki [38] Peer-reviewed Japanc Grade closure; class closure; later start to school day; cancel activities
  1. a Interventions not tested as described. Discussed in discussion section
  2. b Data collection on face-to-face interactions
  3. c Analysis of school closure data