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Table 1 Interventions to target stunting [9] and their baseline coverage in Bangladesh

From: Optima Nutrition: an allocative efficiency tool to reduce childhood stunting by better targeting of nutrition-related interventions

Maternal interventions Target population Description & impact Estimated program model inputs for the national Bangladesh illustration
Coverage Unit cost (marginal cost at low coverage) 2014 spending on program
Balanced energy-protein supplementation Pregnant women in the lowest two wealth quintiles Improves birthweight, reduction in incidence of infants born small for gestational age 0% $25.00 $0
Antenatal micronutrient supplementation Pregnant women Improves birthweight, reduction in incidence of infants born small for gestational age 0% $1.80 $0
Child interventions
 Exclusive breastfeeding promotion Pregnant women and mothers of children under 6 months Breastfeeding decreases mortality due to other causes & decreases stunting by decreasing incidence of diarrhea 61%
Indicator: % children < 6 months who are exclusively breastfed
$3.56 $14.3 m
 Infant & young child feeding (IYCF) education Children 6–23 months old Direct impact on stunting, must be combined with CFS to benefit food insecure 24.7%
Indicator: % mothers of children > 5 months with 4 or 4+ visits
$3.56 $4.1 m
 Public provision of complementary foods (CFS) Children 6–23 months old, food insecure Direct impact on stunting, benefits only food insecure 0% $48.00 $0
 Vitamin A supplementation Children 6–59 months old Decreases mortality due to diarrhea & decreases stunting by decreasing diarrhea incidence 62.1% $0.35 $3.8 m