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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants

From: Perceived access and barriers to care among illicit drug users and hazardous drinkers: findings from the Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain data harmonization initiative (STTR)

  All DU-a DU+a HD- HD+
Age (years) mean (sd) n = 6387 4984 1403 4261 1889
  39.6(12.2) 38.3(12.4) 43.8(10.5) 38.8(12.6) 41.2 (11.3)
Gender n (%)
 Men 4557 (71.3) 3316 (66.5) 1241 (88.5) 2824 (66.3) 1567 (83.0)
 Women 1830 (28.7) 1668 (33.5) 162 (11.5) 1437 (33.7) 322 (17.0)
Race n (%)
 Hispanic/Latino 2475 (38.8) 1736 (34.8) 739 (52.7) 1514 (35.5) 931 (49.3)
 Black/African American 3651 (57.2) 3118 (62.6) 533 (38) 2556 (60) 898 (47.5)
 White/Asian 107 (1.7) 24 (0.5) 83 (5.9) 83 (1.9) 21 (1.1)
 Other 154 (2.4) 106 (2.1) 48 (3.4) 108 (2.5) 39 (2.1)
HIV status n (%)
 Negative 5509 (86.3) 4594 (92.2) 915 (65.2) 3721 (87.3) 1663 (88.0)
 Positive 878 (13.7) 390 (7.8) 488 (34.8) 540 (12.7) 226 (12.0)
Hazardous drinkingb n (%)
 No 4261 (69.3) 3531 (73.7) 730 (53.7)   
 Yes 1889 (30.7) 1259 (26.3) 630 (46.3)   
Education n (%)
 Less than high school 2217 (34.8) 1755 (35.3) 462 (33) 1439 (33.8) 691 (36.6)
 High school/some college 3901 (61.2) 3034 (61) 867 (61.8) 2637 (62) 1129 (59.9)
 College degree or higher 256 (4) 183 (3.7) 73 (5.2) 178 (4.2) 66 (3.5)
Social supportc n (%)
 No 1763 (35.3) 1317 (33) 446 (44.6) 1107 (32.6) 612 (41.5)
 Yes 3232 (64.7) 2679 (67) 553 (55.4) 2290 (67.4) 864 (58.5)
  1. All participants have data on gender (men/women), race (black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, White/Asian, Other), and HIV status (positive/negative) and answered all questions within either or both domains of barriers to care (perceived access to care; barriers to care). Those who refused to answer race/ethnicity questions were categorized under “Other” (n = 22). Those who identified as transgender were not included in the analyses
  2. Percentages are calculated for each characteristic (i.e. Race) within each substance use group
  3. DU illicit drug users, HD hazardous drinkers
  4. aSome of the DU- and DU+ may concurrently use alcohol and marijuana
  5. bHazardous drinking is defined by AUDIT score ≥ 8 (male) and 7 (female)
  6. cSocial support (yes) is assigned to participants who reported having support in the majority of the items on the social support questionnaire (≥3 items)