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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants according to glucose (N = 4400)

From: Triglycerides and total cholesterol concentrations in association with IFG/IGT in Chinese adults in Qingdao, China

  Men Women
Normoglycaemia IFG/IGT Normoglycaemia IFG/IGT
Number (%) 1159 (64.6) 634 (35.4)ǂ 1695 (65.0) 912 (35.0)ǂ
Age (years) 49. 1 (48.4, 49.7) 52.5 (51.7, 53.4)ǂ 48. 1 (47.6, 48.5) 52.7 (52.0, 53.3)ǂ
Urban living 353 (30.5) 234 (36.9)* 766 (45.2) 405 (44.4)
Married, n (%) 1104 (96.8) 602 (95.6) 1609 (95.7) 839 (93.6)*
School years >  9 (%) 427 (37.0) 246 (38.9) 629 (37.2) 207 (22.8)ǂ
Current Smoking (yes, %) 611 (52.9) 313 (49.5) 19 (1.1) 11 (1.2)
Alcohol-drinking (yes, %) 503 (43.5) 285 (45.1) 27 (1.6) 13 (1.4)
Family history of diabetes (yes, %) 144 (13.3) 101 (16.9)* 301 (18.7) 172 (20.0)
Income (CNY/month), n (%)
  ≤ 599 413 (36.8) 182 (29.4)* 720 (44.2) 468 (53.2)ǂ
 600–1999 527 (47.0) 320 (51.8) 803 (49.3) 376 (42.7)
  ≥ 2000 181 (16.1) 116 (18.8) 105 (6.4) 36 (4.1)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.9 (24.7, 25.0) 25.7 (25.5, 26.0)ǂ 25.0 (24.8, 25.1) 26.1 (25.8, 26.3)ǂ
Waist circumference (cm) 85.2 (84.7, 85.8) 88.1 (87.3, 88.9)ǂ 81.1 (80.7, 81.5) 83.0 (82.4, 83.6)ǂ
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 131.8 (130.8, 132.9) 134.9 (133.5, 136.3)* 127.5 (126.6, 128.4) 135.3 (134.0, 136.6)ǂ
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 85.7 (85.1, 86.4) 86.9 (85.9, 87.8) 81.9 (81.3, 82.4) 85.1 (84.4, 85.9)ǂ
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L) 5.20 (5.16, 5.24) 5.98 (5.93, 6.02)ǂ 5.24 (5.21, 5.26) 5.85 (5.81, 5.89)ǂ
2 h post-load plasma glucose (mmol/L) 5.69 (5.61, 5.77) 7.67 (7.56, 7.78)ǂ 6.02 (5.96, 6.08) 8.02 (7.95, 8.10)ǂ
Glycated haemoglobin (%) 4.34 (4.29, 4.39) 4.45 (4.39, 4.52)* 4.33 (4.29, 4.38) 4.39 (4.33, 4.45)
Alanine amino transferase (U/L) 15.6 (14.9, 16.4) 19.6 (18.5, 20.6)ǂ 13.6 (13.1, 14.2) 15.4 (14.7, 16.3)ǂ
Gamma-glutamyl transferase (U/L) 32.9 (30.0, 35.7) 43.3 (39.4, 47.2)ǂ 17.5 (16.6, 18.3) 20.1 (19.0, 21.3)ǂ
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.31 (1.1, 26.37) 1.59 (1.52, 1.67)ǂ 1. 22 (1.1, 18.26) 1.41 (1.36, 1.46)ǂ
 Normal TG 924 (79.7) 441 (69.6)ǂ 1421 (83.8) 649 (71.2)ǂ
 Borderline high TG 123 (10.6) 86 (13.6) 169 (10.0) 157 (17.2)
 Hypertriglyceridemia 112 (9.7) 107 (16.9) 105 (6.2) 106 (11.6)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.14 (5.08, 5.19) 5.37 (5.29, 5.45)ǂ 5.22 (5.18, 5.27) 5.33 (5.27, 5.39)*
 Normal TC 647 (55.8) 278 (43.8)ǂ 906 (53.5) 382 (41.9)ǂ
 Borderline high TC 373 (32.2) 246 (38.8) 539 (31.8) 336 (36.8)
 Hypercholesterolemia 139 (12.0) 110 (17.4) 250 (14.7) 194 (17.0)
  1. Data are age-adjusted mean (95% confidence interval) or n (%) as indicated. *P < 0.05, ǂ< 0.001, normoglycaemia versus pre-diabetes within the same gender