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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and risk factors for hypertension in participants by level of alcohol dependence

From: The prevalence of alcohol dependence and its association with hypertension: a population-based cross-sectional study4 in Xuzhou city, China

Variables Number Non-drinkers (%) Levels of alcohol dependence (%) χ2 P value
Non-dependence Low Light Mediuma
Gender
 Male 17,501 12,903(73.73) 744(4.25) 1244(7.11) 1969(11.25) 641(3.66) 4412.82 < 0.01
 Female 18,656 18,255(97.85) 77(0.41) 111(0.59) 175(0.94) 38(0.20)
Age
 18~ 4619 4262(92.27) 72(1.56) 97(2.10) 150(3.25) 38(0.82) 315.72 < 0.01
 25~ 6485 5630(86.82) 158(2.44) 238(3.67) 373(5.75) 86(1.33)
 35~ 7579 6393(84.35) 204(2.96) 346(4.57) 455(6.00) 181(2.39)
 45~ 6373 5324(83.54) 162(2.54) 267(4.19) 449(7.05) 171(2.68)
 55~ 6154 5189(84.32) 112(1.82) 284(4.61) 430(6.99) 139(2.26)
 65~ 3202 2789(87.10) 79(2.47) 87(2.72) 198(6.18) 49(1.53)
 75~ 1745 1571(90.03) 34(1.95) 36(2.06) 89(5.10) 15(0.86)
Area
 Urban 9390 8070(85.94) 285(3.04) 405(4.31) 502(5.35) 128(1.36) 68.74 < 0.01
 Country 26,767 23,088(86.26) 536(2.00) 950(3.55) 1642(6.13) 551(2.06)
Marital status
 Single 4076 3772(92.54) 58(1.42) 79(1.94) 126(3.09) 41(1.01) 265.46 < 0.01
 Widowed 1933 1768(91.46) 22(1.14) 41(2.12) 75(3.88) 27(1.40)
 Married 30,026 25,505(84.84) 741(2.47) 1231(4.10) 1940(6.46) 609(2.03)
 Others 107 98(91.59) 0 4(3.74) 3(2.80) 2(1.87)
Level of education
 Primary school or below 12,666 11,295(89.18) 182(1.44) 355(2.80) 644(5.08) 190(1.50) 187.89 < 0.01
 Middle school 13,516 11,356(84.02) 349(2.58) 597(4.42) 905(6.70) 309(2.29)
 High school 6134 5200(84.77) 178(2.90) 252(4.11) 389(6.34) 115(1.87)
 College or above 3832 3298(86.06) 112(2.92) 151(3.94) 206(5.38) 65(1.70)
Physical activity
 Lack 2884 2486(86.20) 63(2.18) 107(3.71) 156(5.41) 72(2.50) 30.63 < 0.01
 Low 13,912 11,900(85.54) 349(2.51) 550(3.95) 797(5.73) 316(2.27)
 Medium 7444 6377(85.67) 196(2.63) 286(3.84) 449(6.03) 136(1.83)
 Heavy 522 423(81.03) 10(1.92) 24(4.60) 54(10.34) 11(2.11)
Average monthly income
  < 350 2087 1838(88.07) 33(1.58) 68(3.26) 117(5.61) 31(1.49) 71.7 < 0.01
 350~ 8070 7042(87.26) 133(1.65) 261(3.23) 489(6.06) 145(1.80)
 700~ 6338 5506(86.87) 123(1.94) 228(3.60) 358(5.65) 123(1.94)
 1000~ 14,477 12,307(85.01) 391(2.70) 618(4.27) 885(6.11) 276(1.91)
 2000~ 3493 3028(86.69) 94(2.69) 124(3.55) 182(5.21) 65(1.86)
 3000~ 1657 1408(84.97) 45(2.72) 56(3.38) 109(6.58) 39(2.35)
Smoking
 Often 4949 2397(48.43) 352(7.11) 663(13.40) 1119(22.61) 418(8.45) 9030.09 < 0.01
 On occasion 1863 1130(60.65) 121(6.49) 197(10.57) 325(17.44) 90(4.83)
 Quit 262 137(52.29) 23(8.78) 27(10.31) 63(24.05) 12(4.58)
 No smoking 29,076 27,488(94.54) 324(1.11) 468(1.61) 637(2.19) 159(0.55)
BMIb
 Underweight 1060 983(92.74) 9(0.85) 19(1.79) 36(3.40) 13(1.23) 244.94 < 0.01
 Normal 20,316 17,913(88.17) 415(2.04) 662(3.26) 1009(4.97) 317(1.56)
 Overweight 11,806 9792(82.94) 316(2.68) 532(4.51) 893(7.56) 273(2.31)
 Obese 2800 2318(82.79) 77(2.75) 137(4.89) 194(6.93)) 74(2.64)
  1. Caution: aTwenty-five participants were considered to have heavy alcohol dependence, but were classified as having medium alcohol dependence owing to the relatively small sample size. bBMI body mass index