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Table 2 Age- and sex-adjusted and sex-specific logistic regression model results for the failure to achieve control targets by educational level

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in cardiometabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes

  Control previous yeara Unachieved targetsb
  HbA1c > 7% LDL > 100 mg/dl BP > 140/90 mmHg Current smoker
OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p
Total sample
 Sex
  Men Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Women 0.95(0.91,1.00) 0.068 1.11(1.05,1.17) < 0.001 1.62(1.54,1.72) < 0.001 0.96(0.91,1.02) 0.219 0.43(0.38,0.49) < 0.001
 Education level
  University Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Secondary 1.20(1.06,1.37) < 0.001c 1.12(0.96,1.32) < 0.001c 0.99(0.85,1.16) 0.576 1.09(0.92,1.29) 0.753c 1.37(1.05,1.80) 0.008c
  Primary 1.52(1.36,1.70) 1.27(1.11,1.46) 0.99(0.87,1.13) 1.08(0.94,1.26) 1.32(1.05,1.68)
  Without 1.47(1.30,1.65) 1.34(1.16,1.55) 0.95(0.83,1.09) 1.08(0.93,1.26) 1.12(0.87,1.45)
Males
 University Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Secondary 1.18(1.01,1.38) < 0.001 1.00(0.83,1.20) 0.004 0.99(0.83,1.19) 0.976 1.22(1.00,1.50) 0.085 1.48(1.09,2.01) 0.052
 Primary 1.38(1.20,1.58) 1.10(0.94,1.29) 1.02(0.87,1.19) 1.25(1.05,1.49) 1.44(1.10,1.90)
 Without 1.24(1.07,1.43) 1.23(1.04,1.46) 1.01(0.86,1.20) 1.19(0.99,1.44) 1.36(1.03,1.82)
Females
 University Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Secondary 1.20(0.94,1.52) < 0.001 1.59(1.15,2.23) < 0.001 0.94(0.68,1.31) 0.079 0.74(0.53,1.02) 0.153 1.16(0.86,1.56) 0.001
 Primary 1.91(1.56,2.33) 2.00(1.52,2.66) 0.85(0.65,1,11) 0.74(0.57,0.98) 1.00(0.77,1.28)
 Without 1.99(1.62,2.45) 1.98(1.50,2.65) 0.78(0.59,1.03) 0.78(0.59,1.02) 0.64(0.49,0.83)
  1. All models were adjusted by age (continuous) and basic health zone (random effect), resulting in significant p-values for both in all cases
  2. aControl previous year: Response variable is 'To have HbA1c data within the past 15 months'
  3. bUnachieved targets: Response variable for each risk factor is 'Not to have reached current local targets'
  4. cInteraction between educational level and c sex was significant