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Table 5 Risk factors of having chronic disease among patients at HUCSH, February 2016

From: Chronic diseases multi-morbidity among adult patients at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital

  NCCDs    
Variables Yes No COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) P-value
Age in years
 18–29 65 93    
 30–44 61 58 1.5 (0.9–2.4) 1.0 (0.6–1.7) 0.968
  > 44 101 33 4.4 (2.6–7.3) 2.7 (1.5–4.8) 0.001
Household income in Ethiopian Birr
 100–1499 88 94    
  > 1499 139 90 1.7 (1.1–2.5) 1.6 (1.0–2.5) 0.03
Education
 Literate 119 127    
 No education 108 57 2.0 (1.4–3.0) 1.7 (1.0–2.7) 0.034
Exercise
 Yes 144 130    
 No 83 54 1.4 (0.9–2.1) 1.2 (0.8–2.0) 0.384
Fruit and vegetable consumption
 No 6 1 5.0 (0.6–41.6) 4.8 (0.5–44.1) 0.166
 Yes 221 183    
Khat chewing
 No 197 173    
 Yes 30 11 2.4 (1.2–4.9) 1.6 (0.7–3.8) 0.287
Alcohol drinking
 No 185 166    
 Yes 42 18 2.1 (1.2–3.8) 1.2 (0.6–2.5) 0.574
Cigarette smoking
 No 218 182    
 Yes 9 2 3.8 (0.8–17.6) 1.9 (0.3–10.9) 0.462
BMI
 18.5–24.9 127 126    
 < 18.5 39 36 1.1 (0.6–1.8) 1.2 (0.7–2.0) 0.624
25 61 22 2.8 (1.6–4.8) 2.0 (1.1–3.7) 0.022
  1. Exchange rate 1 USD to 21.3673 Ethiopian Birr
  2. NCCDs non-communicable chronic diseases, COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, BMI body mass index