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Table 2 Overview of the quantitative studies included in this review based on scales questionnaire surveys

From: Psychosocial burden of localised cutaneous Leishmaniasis: a scoping review

Reference Measurement scales of psychological, social and QoL burdens Main findings
Chahed-2016 Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R), World Health Organization Quality of Life-26 (WHOQOL-26) Large range of negative psychological consequences of LCL it is a source of constant stress and shame. Leading to social rejection and anticipation/ avoidance behaviour.
Turan-2015 The Child Depression Inventory (CDI)
The State-Trait Anxiety Inventories for Children (STAIC),
The Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory Parent and Child Versions (PedQL-P and C)
Depression scores were significantly higher in children and adolescents with CL compared to age-matched controls. No significant difference was found in anxiety scores. Depression scores were also higher in mother of children with LCL.
Handjani-2013 Family Dermatology Life Quality Index (FDLQI) Family members of LCL cases face reduction in QoL, mainly due to the time they have to spent looking after the patient
Vares-2013 Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) The type of LCL lesion determines the degree of QoL reduction. Most reduced in ulcers, least in papular LCL
Nilforoushzadeh-2010 Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) The effect of adjunct psychotherapy to drug treatment on QoL was tested in a randomized controlled trial on women with LCL. QoL was improved in the intervention group.
Simsek-2008 The Turkish version of the Structured Clinical Interview for Axes I of the DSM-IV (SCID-I) This study on mental health of women in rural Turkey identified CL as one of the main independent predictors of mental disorders
Yanik-2004 Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HAD),
Body Image Satisfaction Scale (BIS),
Dermatology Quality of Life Scale (DQL)
Depression and anxiety are higher in LCL compared to control. Impaired body satisfaction in LCL. LCL have reduced QoL compared to LCL scars and controls.