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Table 4 Sub-analysis by sex and age groups in the multilevel models

From: The effect of contextual factors on unintentional injury hospitalization: from the Korea National Hospital Discharge Survey

  Sex Age groups
Male Female ≤14 years 15–64 years ≥65 years
Fixed effect intercept (β) 0.802
(p < 0.0001)
−0.250
(p = 0.27)
−2.335
(p < 0.0001)
0.638
(p < 0.01)
−1.319
(p < 0.0001)
Individual- level
 Male (ref. female) 1.545
(1.389, 1.718)
2.099
(2.017, 2.183)
0.551
(0.519, 0.586)
 Age (per 5 years) 0.988
(0.98, 0.992)
1.094
(1.088, 1.100)
2.583
(2.438, 2.736)
0.944
(0.938, 0.951)
1.157
(1.130, 1.184)
Type of insurance (ref. national health insurance)
 Medical aid 0.864
(0.787, 0.948)
0.918
(0.838, 1.006)
0.918
(0.695, 1.213)
0.800
(0.730, 0.877)
0.883
(0.798, 0.975)
 Vehicle insurance & others 25.43
(23.94, 27.01)
37.05
(34.40, 39.91)
15.44
(12.74, 18.71)
25.51
(24.16, 26.93)
29.08
(25.76, 32.82)
Community-level
 Financial independence ratio 0.996
(0.992, 0.999)
0.995
(0.990, 0.999)
0.998
(0.992, 1.004)
0.996 a
(0.991, 1.000)
0.996 a
(0.991, 1.000)
 Percentage of people with education less than a high school diploma 1.009
(1.001, 1.017)
1.009a
(1.000, 1.019)
1.014 a
(1.000, 1.029)
1.013
(1.004, 1.022)
1.008 a
(1.000, 1.017)
 Percentage of moderate physical activity 1.012
(1.006, 1.019)
1.011
(1.003, 1.019)
1.002
(0.990, 1.014)
1.014
(1.006, 1.021)
1.012
(1.005, 1.019)
 Percentage of high risk drinking 1.002
(0.993, 1.011)
1.005
(0.994, 1.016)
1.000
(0.985, 1.016)
1.004
(0.993, 1.014)
1.003
(0.994, 1.013)
Random effect (variance)
 Community 0.0831
(p < 0.0001)
0.114
(p < 0.0001)
0.095
(p < 0.0001)
0.112
(p < 0.0001)
0.0722
(p < 0.0001)
  1. Bold results indicate p < 0.05
  2. ap value was 0.5 ≤ p < 0.7