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Table 3 Multilevel analysis results for risk of unintentional injury hospitalization

From: The effect of contextual factors on unintentional injury hospitalization: from the Korea National Hospital Discharge Survey

  Null Individual-level Community-level Multi-level
Fixed effect intercept (β) −2.06
(p < 0.0001)
0.504
(p < 0.0001)
−2.214
(p < 0.0001)
0.195
(p = 0.31)
 Male (ref. female)   1.33
(1.29, 1.37)
  1.34
(1.30, 1.38)
 Age (per 5 years)   1.03
(1.03, 1.03)
  1.03
(1.02, 1.03)
Type of insurance (ref. national health insurance)
 Medical aid   0.93
(0.87, 0.99)
  0.93
(0.87, 0.99)
 Vehicle insurance & others   28.71
(27.44, 30.04)
  28.17
(26.89, 29.50)
 Financial independence ratio    0.994
(0.989, 0.998)
0.995
(0.991, 0.999)
 Percentage of people with education less than a high school diploma    1.010
(1.001, 1.018)
1.009
(1.001, 1.017)
 Percentage of moderate physical activity    1.010
(1.003, 1.018)
1.012
(1.006, 1.018)
 Percentage of high risk drinking    1.002
(0.992, 1.012)
1.003
(0.995, 1.012)
Random effect (variance)
 Community 0.146
(p < 0.0001)
0.118
(p < 0.0001)
0.124
(p < 0.0001)
0.095
(p < 0.0001)
  1. Bold results indicate p < 0.05