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Table 3 Intakes for selected nutrients, probability of adequate nutrient intake, and estimated average requirement between women in FiLWHEL and KNHANESa

From: Dietary diversity and nutritional adequacy among married Filipino immigrant women: The Filipino Women’s Diet and Health Study (FiLWHEL)

Nutrients Intake PAb Below the EARc
FiLWHEL KNHANES P-valued FiLWHEL KNHANES P-valued FiLWHEL KNHANES P-valuee
Energy (kcal) 1813.3 ± 638.6 1853.9 ± 648.8 0.32 - - - 307 (64.8)f 291 (61.4) 0.28
Fat (g) 54.5 ± 29.2 45.7 ± 27.0 <0.001 - - - - - -
Carbohydrates (g) 257.1 ± 102.1 283.6 ± 103.9 <0.001 - - - - - -
Protein (g) 72.6 ± 32.2 70.6 ± 35.8 0.14 0.81 ± 0.34 0.80 ± 0.34 0.22 89 (18.8) 92 (19.4) 0.80
Vitamin C (mg) 88.6 ± 85.8 105.2 ± 102.4 0.01 0.42 ± 0.46 0.48 ± 0.46 0.006 275 (58.0) 247 (52.1) 0.07
Vitamin A (ug RE) 581.2 ± 630.6 881.1 ± 925.8 <0.001 0.43 ± 0.43 0.65 ± 0.41 <0.001 276 (58.2) 166 (35.0) <0.001
Calcium (mg) 396.2 ± 280.4 484.6 ± 333.4 <0.001 0.26 ± 0.38 0.36 ± 0.40 <0.001 352 (74.3) 313 (66.0) 0.005
Vitamin B-1 (mg) 1.31 ± 1.19 1.67 ± 0.84 <0.001 0.61 ± 0.45 0.80 ± 0.36 <0.001 186 (39.2) 92 (19.4) <0.001
Vitamin B-2 (mg) 1.05 ± 0.60 1.32 ± 0.67 <0.001 0.42 ± 0.45 0.62 ± 0.44 <0.001 276 (58.2) 178 (37.6) <0.001
Iron (mg) 12.7 ± 8.4 15.5 ± 8.6 <0.001 0.51 ± 0.44 0.67 ± 0.41 <0.001 234 (49.4) 158 (33.3) <0.001
Niacin (mg) 16.9 ± 9.2 16.5 ± 8.4 0.43 0.70 ± 0.41 0.70 ± 0.39 0.74 144 (30.4) 139 (29.3) 0.72
Phosphorus (mg) 949.5 ± 440.4 1057.9 ± 448.9 <0.001 0.80 ± 0.36 0.89 ± 0.27 <0.001 91 (19.2) 51 (10.8) <0.001
MPA - - - 0.55 ± 0.28 0.66 ± 0.26 <0.001 - - -
  1. Abbreviations: FiLWHEL Filipino Women’s Diet and Health Study, KNHANES Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, PA probability of adequate nutrient intake, EAR estimated average requirement, EER estimated energy requirement, MPA mean probability of adequate nutrient intake, RNI recommended nutrient intake
  2. aValues are mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated. Age category-matching was taken into account
  3. bThe PA for each nutrient’s z-score, estimated intake-EAR/SD, was determined by using the “probnorm” statistical function in SAS [57, 58]
  4. cEER for energy and EAR for the rest of nutrients
  5. dBased on Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test
  6. eBased on McNemar’s test
  7. fValues are n (%)
  8. -Not applicable