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Table 2 Sex differences in prevalence of tobacco use among adolescents (10–19 years) in urban and rural secondary schools in Enugu State

From: Disparities in tobacco use by adolescents in southeast, Nigeria using Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) approach

Variable Prevalence (95% CI) F P value
  All adolescents (10–19 years)
Male (n = 1889) Female (n = 2443)   
Ever use of tobacco
 Cigarettes 32.9 (28.8–37.2) 25.9 (22.5–29.6) 13.50 0.0006
 Other smoked tobacco 14.1 (11.8–16.8) 9.9 (8.0–12.1) 11.06 0.0017
 Smokeless tobacco 30.4 (27.1–34.0) 24.0 (20.9–27.3) 11.58 0.0014
Current use of tobacco
 Cigarettes 15.6 (12.6–19.3) 11.5 (9.6–13.8) 8.52 0.0054
 Other smoked tobacco 7.3 (5.6–9.4) 4.6 (3.5–6.1) 10.09 0.0026
 Smokeless tobacco 9.3 (7.4–11.6) 6.7 (5.2–8.5) 7.08 0.0106
 Any kind of tobacco 22.5 (18.7–26.8) 16.9 (14.2–20.1) 9.55 0.0034
 Both cigarettes and other smoked tobacco 4.3 (3.1–6.0) 2.8 (2.0–3.9) 6.16 0.0167
 Both cigarettes and smokeless tobacco 5.0 (3.6–6.9) 2.8 (2.0–3.9) 11.81 0.0012
 Both smokeless and other smoked tobacco 3.0 (2.1–4.4) 1.6 (1.0–2.6) 8.50 0.0054
 All 3 types of tobacco 2.5 (1.7–3.8) 1.3 (0.8–2.1) 9.75 0.0031
  13–15 year olds (N = 2992)
Male (n = 1241) Female (n = 1751)   
Ever use of tobacco
 Cigarettes 32.1 (27.6–36.9) 25.4 (21.6–29.6) 10.62 0.0021
 Other smoked tobacco 13.0 (10.6–15.8) 9.3 (7.2–11.8) 7.69 0.0079
 Smokeless tobacco 29.7 (25.7–34.1) 22.9 (19.6–26.6) 11.01 0.0018
Current use of tobacco
 Cigarettes 15.1 (11.8–19.0) 10.9 (8.8–13.3) 8.36 0.0058
 Other smoked tobacco 6.5 (4.7–9.0) 4.3 (3.2–5.8) 6.40 0.0148
 Smokeless tobacco 9.1 (6.8–12.1) 6.4 (4.9–8.4) 6.42 0.0147
 Any kind of tobacco 21.4 (17.3–26.1) 16.6 (13.7–20.1) 6.54 0.0138
 Both cigarettes and other smoked tobacco 3.8 (2.4–6.0) 2.3 (1.6–3.3) 4.32 0.0431
 Both cigarettes and smokeless tobacco 5.1 (3.4–7.5) 2.3 (1.6–3.5) 16.08 0.0002
 Both smokeless and other smoked tobacco 2.8 (1.6–4.6) 1.4 (0.8–2.6) 4.68 0.0356
 All 3 types of tobacco 2.3 (1.2–4.3) 1.1 (0.6–2.0) 5.34 0.0253
  1. F: Design-based χ2