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Table 1 Prevalence of tobacco use among adolescents (10–19 years) in urban and rural secondary schools in Enugu State

From: Disparities in tobacco use by adolescents in southeast, Nigeria using Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) approach

Variable Prevalence (95% CI) F P value
  All adolescents (10–19 years)
All (n = 4332) Urban (n = 2230) Rural (n = 2102)   
Ever use of tobacco
 Cigarettes 28.9 (25.6–32.3) 23.1 (19.9–26.6) 35.1 (29.5–41.2) 14.07 0.0005
 Other smoked tobacco 11.7 (9.9–13.5) 9.3 (7.8–11.2) 14.3 (11.4–17.8) 8.81 0.0047
 Smokeless tobacco 26.8 (24.1–29.5) 22.7 (20.1–25.6) 31.1 (26.6–36.0) 10.41 0.0023
Current use of tobacco
 Cigarettes 13.3 (11.1–15.6) 10.1 (8.3–12.2) 16.7 (13.0–21.2) 10.33 0.0024
 Other smoked tobacco 5.8 (4.5–7.1) 4.0 (3.2–5.1) 7.6 (5.5–10.5) 10.11 0.0026
 Smokeless tobacco 7.8 (6.2–9.4) 6.5 (5.3–8.0) 9.2 (6.7–12.5) 3.45 0.0694
 Any kind of tobacco 19.4 (16.5–22.2) 15.7 (13.4–18.3) 23.3 (18.4–29.0) 7.94 0.0070
 Both cigarettes and other smoked tobacco 3.4 (2.5–4.4) 2.1 (1.5–2.9) 4.9 (3.3–7.2) 11.95 0.0012
 Both cigarettes and smokeless tobacco 3.8 (2.7–4.8) 2.6 (2.0–3.4) 4.9 (3.2–7.4) 6.69 0.0128
 Both smokeless and other smoked tobacco 2.2 (1.4–3.0) 1.4 (1.0–2.1) 3.0 (1.8–5.0) 5.82 0.0198
 All 3 types of tobacco 1.8 (1.1–2.5) 1.1 (0.7–1.8) 2.6 (1.5–4.4) 6.15 0.0168
  13–15 year olds
All (n = 2992) Urban (n = 1587) Rural (n = 1405)   
Ever use of tobacco
 Cigarettes 28.1 (24.4–31.9) 22.3 (18.9–26.1) 34.7 (28.3–41.7) 11.96 0.0012
 Other smoked tobacco 10.8 (8.8–12.8) 8.8 (7.1–10.9) 13.1 (9.8–17.1) 5.02 0.0299
 Smokeless tobacco 25.7 (22.5–28.9) 21.8 (18.9–25.1) 30.1 (24.6–36.2) 7.03 0.0109
Current use of tobacco
Cigarettes 12.6 (10.2–15.0) 8.8 (7.1–11.1) 16.8 (12.8–21.8) 13.60 0.0006
 Other smoked tobacco 5.2 (3.8–6.6) 3.6 (2.7–4.9) 7.1 (4.8–10.2) 7.65 0.0081
 Smokeless tobacco 7.5 (5.7–9.4) 6.4 (5.1–8.1) 8.7 (5.8–12.9) 1.75 0.1920
 Any kind of tobacco 18.6 (15.4–21.8) 14.7 (12.3–17.3) 23.1 (17.5–29.7) 8.15 0.0064
 Both cigarettes and other smoked tobacco 2.9 (1.9–4.0) 1.7 (1.0–2.8) 4.4 (2.8–6.7) 8.60 0.0052
 Both cigarettes and smokeless tobacco 3.5 (2.2–4.7) 2.4 (1.6–3.5) 4.7 (2.8–7.7) 4.64 0.0364
 Both smokeless and other smoked tobacco 2.0 (1.1–2.9) 1.3 (0.8–2.2) 2.8 (1.5–5.2) 3.61 0.0638
 All 3 types of tobacco 1.6 (0.8–2.4) 1.0 (0.5–1.9) 2.3 (1.2–4.6) 3.36 0.0733
  1. F: Design-based χ2