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Table 4 Correlates of men having participated in sex tourism among MSM in China (n = 62) when compared to men who did not (n = 1127)

From: Sex tourism among Chinese men who have sex with men: a cross-sectional observational study

Variable Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) a
Age b 1.06 (1.03–1.09) 1.03 (0.99–1.07)
Education level
 High school or less Ref Ref c
 College or higher 2.68 (1.29–5.54) 2.26 (1.08–4.72)
 Post-graduate 8.71 (3.28–23.08) 5.19 (1.87–14.38)
Marital status
 Single 0.61 (0.33–1.11) 0.47 (0.35–1.62)
 Ever Married Ref Ref
Annual Income (USD)
 < 3000 Ref Ref d
 3000–10,000 1.49 (0.66–3.37) 1.23 (0.52–2.90)
 10,000–15,000 6.77 (2.90–15.77) 5.21 (2.09–13.01)
 > 15,000 6.92 (2.68–17.88) 4.41 (1.51–12.86)
Self-identified sexual orientation
 Gay 0.96 (0.55–1.67) 1.08 (0.61–1.91)
 Bisexual / Straight / Other Ref Ref
“Out” to healthcare worker
 Yes Ref Ref
 No 0.57 (0.34–0.95) 0.61 (0.36–1.03)
Primary Male partner
 Yes 1.08 (0.59–1.97) 1.01 (0.54–1.89)
 No Ref Ref
Primary Female partner
 Yes, female 0.39 (0.11–1.36) 0.31 (0.08–1.15)
 No Ref Ref
Number of sexual partners in last 3 months
 1 Ref Ref
 2–3 1.53 (0.83–2.83) 1.28 (0.68–2.41)
 4–5 3.81 (1.53–9.49) 2.58 (0.99–6.67)
 6+ 2.92 (1.38–6.18) 2.29 (1.06–4.97)
Condomless Sex
 Yes 1.93 (1.13–3.29) 1.83 (1.06–3.17)
 No Ref Ref
Sex while drunk
 Yes 4.80 (2.81–8.22) 4.24 (2.44–7.40)
 No Ref Ref
 Have participated in group sex
 Yes 2.70 (1.41–5.14) 2.81 (1.44–5.51)
 No Ref Ref
Been paid for sex
 Yes 2.27 (1.25–4.11) 2.81 (1.52–5.22)
 No Ref Ref
Ever HIV tested
 Yes 1.96 (1.13–3.41) 1.50 (0.85–2.65)
 No Ref Ref
Ever received HIV positive result
 Yes 2.74 (1.03–7.25) 2.79 (1.03–7.55)
 No Ref Ref
Have tested for syphilis
 Yes 2.17 (1.29–3.63) 1.62 (0.95–2.77)
 No Ref Ref
Ever received STD treatment or diagnosis
 Yes 1.19 (0.64–2.20) 1.09 (0.58–2.07)
 No Ref Ref
  1. aMultivariable analysis controlled for age and income unless otherwise specified; b Age was analyzed as a continuous variable; c Multivariable analysis of education level controlled for age and income; d Multivariable analysis of income controlled for age and education