Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of socio-demographic and behavioral data between primary sex touristsa (n = 20) and non-primary sex touristsb (n = 42)

From: Sex tourism among Chinese men who have sex with men: a cross-sectional observational study

Demographic or Behavior Primary Sex Tourism (N = 20) Not Primary Sex Tourism (N = 42) Overall Total (N = 62) Χ2 (p)
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age (years)     0.45 (p = 0.92)
 16–20 3 (15) 7 (17) 10 (16)  
 21–25 5 (25) 13 (32) 18 (50)  
 26–30 5 (25) 8 (20) 13 (21)  
 > 30 7 (35) 13 (32) 20 (34)  
Residence (Region)     4.75 (p = 0.45)
 Northern China 5 (25) 10 (16) 15 (24)  
 Northeastern China 0 (0) 8 (13) 8 (13)  
 Eastern China 6 (30) 11 (18) 17 (27)  
 Southern China 6 (30) 8 (13) 14 (23)  
 Southwestern China 2 (10) 3 (5) 5 (8)  
 Northwestern China 1 (5) 2 (3) 3 (5)  
Marital status     3.24 (p = 0.07)
 Single 18 (90) 29 (69) 47 (76)  
 Ever married 2 (10) 13 (31) 15 (24)  
Education level     1.03 (p = 0.60)
 High school or less 2 (10) 7 (17) 9 (15)  
 College 14 (70) 30 (71) 44 (71)  
 Post-graduate 4 (20) 5 (12) 9 (15)  
Annual Income (USD)     3.82 (p = 0.28)
 < 3000 1 (5) 7 (17) 8 (13)  
 3000–10,000 10 (50) 13 (31) 23 (37)  
 10,000–15,000 7 (35) 13 (31) 20 (32)  
 > 15,000 2 (10) 9 (21) 11 (18)  
Self-Identified Sexual Orientation     2.33 (p = 0.51)
 Gay 13 (65) 30 (71) 43 (69)  
 Bisexual 4 (20) 9 (21) 13 (21)  
 Straight 1 (5) 0 (0) 1 (2)  
 Other 2 (10) 3 (7) 5 (8)  
“Out” to doctorc     0.03 (p = 0.87)
 Yes 9 (45) 18 (43) 27 (44)  
 No 11 (55) 24 (57) 35 (56)  
Primary male partner     0.51 (p = 0.47)
 Yes 13 (65) 31 (74) 44 (75)  
 No 7 (35) 11 (26) 18 (25)  
Primary female partner     0.15 (p = 0.70)
 Yes 3 (15) 8 (19) 11 (18)  
 No 17 (85) 34 (81) 51 (82)  
> 1 sex partner in last 3 months    0.85 (p = 0.35)
 Yes 13 (65) 32 (76) 45 (73)  
 No 7 (35) 10 (24) 17 (27)  
Number of Partners     1.97 (p = 0.58)
 1 7 (35) 10 (24) 19 (31)  
 2–3 8 (40) 16 (38) 24 (39)  
 4–5 2 (10) 10 (24) 12 (19)  
 6+ 3 (15) 6 (14) 7 (11)  
Condomless sex in last month d    0.30 (p = 0.86)
 Yes, with man 7 (35) 13 (31) 20 (32)  
 Yes, with woman 2 (10) 3 (7) 5 (8)  
 No 12 (60) 28 (67) 37 (60)  
Sex while drunk     1.63 (p = 0.20)
 Yes 11 (55) 30 (71) 25 (40)  
 No 9 (45) 12 (29) 37 (60)  
Group Sexe     3.75 (p = 0.05)
 Yes 7 (35) 6 (14) 13 (21)  
 No 13 (65) 36 (86) 49 (79)  
Been paid for sex     3.11 (p = 0.08)
 Yes 8 (40) 8 (19) 16 (26)  
 No 12 (60) 34 (81) 46 (74)  
Ever HIV tested     0.10 (p = 0.75)
 Yes 13 (65) 29 (69) 42 (68)  
 No 7 (35) 13 (31) 20 (32)  
Ever tested for syphilis     2.74 (p = 0.10)
 Yes 6 (30) 22 (52) 29 (47)  
 No 14 (70) 20 (48) 33 (53)  
Ever received STD diagnosis or treatment     0.29 (p = 0.59)
 Yes 5 (25) 8 (19) 13 (21)  
 No 15 (75) 34 (81) 49 (79)  
  1. aPrimary sex tourists defined as those who traveled for the primary purpose of purchasing sex, bNon-primary sex tourists are defined as those who purchased sex while traveling for other reasons. c “Out to a doctor” was defined as having ever discussed sexual orientation with a healthcare provider; d Condomless sex is defined as any incidence of sexual intercourse without use of a condom; e Group sex was defined as any incidence of sexual intercourse involving more than two people