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Table 2 Characteristics of studies that evaluated the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in the Bangladeshi population

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Bangladesh: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the studies

Study Year Published Age Range Gender Sample Size and Type Study Area (Urban/Rural) Sampling Method Study Design Criteria for Diagnosis of MS Overall Prevalence of MS (%) Prevalence of individual components of MS (%)
Akter et al. [18] 2012 15–75 years Female 1423; Local Community-Based Rural Stratified multi-stage random sampling. Community-based cross-sectional study NCEP-ATP III 26.14 (age < 12 years at menarche), 25.73 (age 12–13 years at menarche), 22.13 (age > 13 years at menarche) NR
Akter et al. [19] 2013 15–75 years Female 1219; Local Community-Based Rural Stratified multi-stage random sampling. Community-based cross-sectional study NCEP-ATP III NR NR
Bhowmik et al. [23] 2015 ≥ 20 years Both 2293; Local Community-Based Rural Random sampling Population based cross-sectional study Modified NCEP-ATP III and IDF 30.7 (male 30.9, female 30.5) (Modified NCEP ATP III); 24.5 (male 19.2, female 27.5) (IDF) Elevated waist circumference: 39.8; dyslipidemia: 28.7; hypertension: 15.5; mean fasting plasma glucose: 5.2
Rahim et at. [14] 2007 ≥ 20 years Both 3981; Local Community-Based Rural Simple Random Sampling Cross-sectional survey Modified NCEP-ATP III, IDF and WHO 20.7 (male 14.3, female 25.1) (Modified NCEP-ATP III); 11.2 (male 4.3, female 15.7) (IDF); 8.6 (male 7.6, female 9.2) (WHO) NR
Jesmin et al. [20] 2013 ≥ 15 years Female 1802; Local Community-Based Rural Stratified multi-stage random sampling Community based cross-sectional survey NCEP-ATP III. 25.6 Elevated waist circumference: 8.46; High blood pressures: 28.16; Elevated fasting blood glucose: 35.39; Low HDL cholesterol: 84.14; High triglyceride: 29.49
Jesmin et al. [24] 2012 ≥ 15 years Female 1535; Local Community-Based Rural Stratified multi-stage random sampling Population based cross-sectional survey NCEP ATP III, Modified NCEP ATP III and IDF 25.60 (NCEP ATP III), 36.68 (Modified NCEP ATP III), 19.80 (IDF) Obesity Waist: 11.60 (NCEP ATP III), 31.01 (Modified NCEP ATP III and IDF); High triglyceride: 26.91; Low HDL cholesterol: 85.47; High fasting blood glucose: 30.42 (NCEP ATP III), 44.76 (Modified NCEP ATP III and IDF); Hypertension: 29.12
Jesmin et al. [22] 2012 ≥ 15 years Female 1485; Local Community-Based Rural Stratified multi-stage random sampling Community based cross-sectional study Modified NCEP ATP III 31.25 Obesity Waist: 31.31; High triglyceride: 26.87; Low HDL cholesterol: 85.05; High fasting blood glucose: 30.57; Hypertension: 29.43
Khanam et al. [21] 2011 ≥ 60 years Both 456; Local Community-Based Rural Randomly selected participants from purposively selected blocks Cross-sectional study NCEP ATP III 19.5 (male 18.0, female 20.8) High BMI: 5.3; High triglyceride: 19.50; Low HDL cholesterol: 98.20; High random blood glucose: 13.20; High blood pressure: 49.80
Saquib et al. [17] 2013 ≥ 30 years Both 357; Local Urban Multi-stage random sampling Cross-sectional study IDF 45.0 (male 29.0, female 61.0) Prevalence of individual components of MS are presented graphically for male and female. Combined prevalence and numerical values are not presented
Mainuddin et al. [13] 2013 30–60 years Both 229; Local Hospital-Based Urban Random selection Cross-sectional study Modified NCEP ATP III, IDF and WHO 72.1 (male 66.0, female 76.7) (Modified NCEP ATP III); 38.9 (male 36.0, female 41.1) (WHO); and 68.6 (male 50.0, female 82.9) (IDF) NR