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Table 2 Characteristic distribution of respondents among neighborhood social capital groups

From: Neighborhood social capital and sleep duration: a population based cross-sectional study in a rural Japanese town

  Neighborhood social capital (n = 7244)
Men (n = 3421) Women (n = 3823)
Lowest Low High Highest Lowest Low High Highest
(n = 812) (n = 852) (n = 1021) (n = 736) (n = 865) (n = 901) (n = 1189) (n = 868)
Characteristics No. % or SD No. % or SD No. % or SD No. % or SD No. % or SD No. % or SD No. % or SD No. % or SD
Neighborhood social capital scores
Mean 10.1 (2.6) 15.1 (0.6) 18.6 (1.1) 23.0 (1.6) 10.1 (2.6) 15.1 (0.7) 18.6 (1.1) 22.9 (1.6)
Age (years)
 20–39 310 (38.2) 324 (38.0) 180 (17.6) 93 (12.6) 339 (39.2) 295 (32.7) 255 (21.5) 124 (14.3)
 40–59 267 (32.9) 295 (34.6) 395 (38.7) 212 (28.8) 303 (35.0) 318 (35.3) 443 (37.3) 240 (27.7)
 60–79 193 (23.8) 197 (23.1) 376 (36.8) 350 (47.6) 155 (17.9) 211 (23.4) 395 (33.2) 397 (45.7)
  ≥ 80 42 (5.2) 36 (4.2) 70 (6.9) 81 (11.0) 68 (7.9) 77 (8.6) 96 (8.1) 107 (12.3)
Educational attainment
 Low 532 (66.1) 555 (65.8) 686 (67.7) 566 (77.5) 505 (59.9) 603 (67.9) 819 (69.5) 637 (74.5)
 Medium 82 (10.2) 96 (11.4) 88 (8.7) 55 (7.5) 227 (26.9) 212 (23.9) 261 (22.2) 174 (20.4)
 High 191 (23.7) 192 (22.8) 240 (23.7) 109 (14.9) 111 (13.2) 73 (8.2) 98 (8.3) 44 (5.2)
Occupation
 Blue collar 369 (45.8) 390 (46.0) 432 (42.6) 332 (45.5) 285 (33.4) 291 (32.6) 363 (30.8) 277 (32.1)
 White collar 266 (33.0) 275 (32.5) 345 (34.0) 204 (28.0) 267 (31.3) 256 (28.7) 324 (27.5) 156 (18.1)
 Others 170 (21.1) 182 (21.5) 237 (23.4) 193 (26.5) 301 (35.3) 345 (38.7) 493 (41.8) 429 (49.8)
Annual household income (Million yen)
  < 2 25 (4.8) 22 (4.2) 29 (3.9) 22 (4.1) 29 (5.7) 46 (8.4) 54 (7.1) 31 (6)
 2–3.99 126 (24.1) 104 (19.6) 139 (18.6) 120 (22.4) 115 (22.5) 116 (21.3) 157 (20.5) 115 (22.2)
 4–5.99 137 (26.2) 129 (24.3) 176 (23.6) 141 (26.3) 120 (23.4) 117 (21.4) 191 (24.9) 127 (24.6)
 6–7.99 94 (18.1) 117 (22.1) 160 (21.5) 103 (19.2) 97 (19.0) 111 (20.3) 158 (20.6) 111 (21.5)
  ≥ 8 141 (27.0) 158 (29.8) 242 (32.4) 150 (28.0) 151 (29.5) 156 (28.6) 206 (26.9) 133 (25.7)
Smoking status
 Non-smoker 398 (49.4) 421 (49.7) 531 (52.3) 423 (57.8) 720 (84.2) 776 (86.6) 1082 (91.3) 802 (93.4)
 Ex-smoker 112 (13.9) 97 (11.5) 150 (14.8) 91 (12.4) 31 (3.6) 35 (3.9) 27 (2.3) 21 (2.4)
 Smoker 295 (36.7) 329 (38.8) 335 (33.0) 218 (29.8) 104 (12.2) 85 (9.5) 76 (6.4) 36 (4.2)
Alcohol Drinking
 Non-drinker 336 (41.6) 358 (42.2) 356 (35.0) 295 (40.4) 568 (66.2) 634 (70.5) 856 (72.5) 675 (78.7)
 Occasional drinker 313 (38.8) 328 (38.7) 419 (41.2) 250 (34.3) 251 (29.3) 238 (26.5) 275 (23.3) 159 (18.5)
 Daily drinker 158 (19.6) 162 (19.1) 241 (23.7) 185 (25.3) 39 (4.6) 27 (3.0) 50 (4.2) 24 (2.8)
Physical activity
 Active 310 (44.2) 337 (45.7) 479 (53.2) 336 (53.0) 279 (37.7) 318 (40.1) 460 (45.0) 379 (50.7)
 Inactive 392 (55.8) 401 (54.3) 421 (46.8) 298 (47.0) 461 (62.3) 475 (59.9 562 (55.0) 369 (49.3)
BMI (Kg/m2)
 Underweight 55 (7.0) 50 (6.0) 45 (4.5) 29 (4.0) 135 (16.5) 110 (12.9) 142 (12.5) 106 (12.6)
 Normal 512 (64.8) 584 (69.9) 700 (69.8) 512 (71.4) 576 (70.4) 627 (73.4) 837 (73.7) 612 (72.9)
 Overweight 188 (23.8) 178 (21.3) 226 (22.5) 158 (22.0) 88 (10.8) 100 (11.7) 131 (11.5) 113 (13.5)
 Obese 35 (4.4) 24 (2.9) 32 (3.2) 18 (2.5) 19 (2.3) 17 (2.0) 25 (2.2) 9 (1.1)
Non-communicable disease:
 Present 374 (46.8) 392 (46.3) 548 (54.3) 427 (58.6) 420 (49.5) 432 (48.6) 626 (53.0) 524 (61.0)
 Absent 426 (53.3) 454 (53.7) 461 (45.7) 302 (41.4) 428 (50.5) 457 (51.4) 556 (47.0) 335 (39.0)
Sleeping time
 Mean 6.7 (1.4) 6.7 (1.3) 6.8 (1.3) 7.1 (1.3) 6.6 (1.4) 6.7 (1.4) 6.7 (1.3) 6.9 (1.2)
Insufficient sleep
 Yes 385 (49.0) 392 (47.9) 446 (44.9) 238 (33.7) 429 (51.6) 435 (50.5) 568 (48.8) 352 (42.4)
 No 400 (51) 427 (52.1) 548 (55.1) 468 (66.3) 403 (48.4) 426 (49.5) 595 (51.2) 479 (57.6)