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Table 4 prevalence of dyslipidemia among school-going urban Ghanaian children aged 9–15 years, classified by weight status

From: Lipid profile and dyslipidemia among school-age children in urban Ghana

Type of dyslipidemiaa, b Normal-weight
(n = 409)
Overweight/obese
(n = 393)
p-value
N % n %
High total cholesterol
 Boys 17 11.2 20 15.6 0.067
 Girls 24 9.3 36 13.4
High LDL cholesterol
 Boys 12 7.9 16 12.5 0.042
 Girls 17 6.7 28 10.7
Low HDL cholesterol
 Boys 38 25.0 46 35.9 < 0.001
 Girls 55 21.4 89 33.6
High TC/HDL cholesterol ratio
 Boys 4 2.6 14 10.9 0.002
 Girls 12 4.7 23 8.7
High triglycerides
 Boys 7 4.6 10 7.8 0.030
 Girls 5 1.9 12 5.3
  1. aBased on US National Cholesterol Education Program 2001 Guidelines: Total cholesterol > 200 mg/dl, Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol > 130 mg/dl, High-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≤40 mg/dl, triglycerides > 150 mg/dl
  2. bTC/HDL-C ratio cut-off value for borderline to high risk, Kocaoglu et al. [13]: Total cholesterol/HDL-C ratio ≥ 4.5