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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of school age children and their caregivers/mothers

From: Lipid profile and dyslipidemia among school-age children in urban Ghana

  Normal-weight
(n = 409)
Percent Overweight/obese1
(n = 393)
Percent P-value2
Child Characteristics
Age (years) 12.2 ± 1.6   12.1 ± 1.6   0.15
BMI-for-age z score −0.1 ± 0.6   1.9 ± 0.7   < 0.01
Female sex n(%) 257 62.8 265 67.4 0.143
Attending public school, n(%) 140 58.6 99 41.4 0.057
Maternal/Caregiver Characteristics3
Age (completed years) 40.7 ± 9.1   41.3 ± 9.3   0.49
Education (years) 9.6 ± 4.3   10.5 ± 4.4   0.01
Occupation4 (%)      017
Professional 39 13.1 58 18.9  
Office worker 8 2.7 10 3.3  
Artisan 38 12.7 44 14.4  
Trading 196 65.8 172 56.2  
Unemployed 17 5.7 22 7.2  
Socioeconomic status5 (%)      0.17
Low 121 41.4 100 33.9  
Medium 133 45.6 153 51.9  
High 38 13.1 42 14.2  
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SD or n (%)
  2. 1Defined as BMI-for-age Z-score > 1
  3. 2Based on Student's t-test for means or Chi-Square test for proportions
  4. 3Total of 198 missing data (normal-weight = 111, overweight/obese = 87)
  5. 4Professionals included teachers, lawyers, doctors, and accountants, etc. Office workers included secretaries and office clerks
  6. 5SES score was determined based on summed scores of household income, ownership of vehicle, mother and father’s educational level. Scores were classified as follows: 0–1 = low, 2–4 = medium, and 5–6 = high socioeconomic status