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Table 3 Associated factors with presence of musculoskeletal conditions in the estimated population of Brazilian adults, 2013

From: Prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal conditions and associated factors in Brazilian adults – National Health Survey

Variable Crude PR
(95% CI)
Adjusted PR
(95% CI)
Sex
 Male 1.00 1.00
 Female 1.44 (1.36-1.52) 1.40 (1.32-1.47)
Age
 18-29 years 1.00 1.00
 30-39 years 1.59 (1.43-1.78) 1.58 (1.42-1.77)
 40-49 years 2.43 (2.18-2.70) 2.40 (2.16-2.66)
 50-59 years 3.16 (2.85-3.51) 3.15 (2.84-3.49)
 60 years or more 3.67 (3.33-4.05) 3.61 (3.27-3.98)
Skin colour
 White 1.00 1.00
 Black 0.93 (0.84-1.03) 0.95 (0.86-1.04)
 Yellow 0.74 (0.54-1.02) 0.74 (0.55-0.99)
 Mixed race 0.92 (0.87-0.97) 1.00 (0.95-1.06)
 Indigenous 1.30 (0.98-1.72) 1.37 (1.05-1.79)
Marital status
 With partner 1.27 (1.20-1.34) 1.17 (1.11-1.24)
 Without partner 1.00 1.00
Schooling level
 Illiterate/Elementary education incomplete 1.65 (1.50-1.82) 1.37 (1.24-1.51)
 Elementary completed/High school education incomplete 1.10 (0.98-1.23) 1.24 (1.10-1.40)
 High school education completed/College incomplete 0.93 (0.84-1.03) 1.12 (1.00-1.24)
 Higher education complete 1.00 1.00
Geographical area
 Rural 1.15 (1.08-1.23) 1.03 (0.96-1.10)
 Urban 1.00 1.00
Region
 North 1.04 (0.95-1.13) 1.16 (1.07-1.26)
 Northeast 1.09 (1.02-1.17) 1.10 (1.03-1.18)
 Midwest 1.00 (0.92-1.08) 1.06 (0.98-1.14)
 Southeast 1.00 1.00
 South 1.31 (1.22-1.42) 1.28 (1.19-1.39)
Occupational status
 Yes 1.00 1.00
 No 1.46 (1.38-1.54) 1.02 (0.96-1.09)
Smoking
 Yes. daily 1.21 (1.12-1.30) 1.13 (1.05-1.22)
 Yes. less than daily 0.87 (0.72-1.05) 0.96 (0.80-1.16)
 No 1.00 1.00
Drinking/month
 Excessive 0.71 (0.64-0.78) 1.07 (0.98-1.18)
 Moderate 0.88 (0.82-0.93) 1.09 (1.02-1.17)
 None 1.00 1.00
Leisure physical activity
 More than 150 min weekly 0.75 (0.69-0.81) 0.95 (0.88-1.02)
 Less than 150 min weekly 0.91 (0.83-1.00) 1.15 (1.05-1.25)
 Inactive 1.00 1.00
BMI
 Underweight 0.98 (0.76-1.26) 0.98 (0.77-1.25)
 Eutrophic 1.00 1.00
 Overweight 1.18 (1.10-1.28) 1.06 (0.99-1.14)
 Obese 1.20 (1.12-1.28) 0.95 (0.89-1.01)
Depression
 Yes 2.29 (2.16-2.44) 1.69 (1.57-1.81)
 No 1.00 1.00
Multimorbidity
 None 1.00 1.00
 One 1.83 (1.71-1.96) 1.42 (1.32-1.53)
 Two 2.53 (2.34-2.73) 1.69 (1.55-1.84)
 Three or more 3.35 (3.10-3.63) 1.94 (1.77-2.12)
  1. Legend: PR Prevalence ratio