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Table 2 Prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal conditions by regions of Brazil, 2013

From: Prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal conditions and associated factors in Brazilian adults – National Health Survey

Variable North Northeast Midwest Southeast South
  % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Sex
 Male 18.1 (16.1-20.2) 19.0 (17.5-20.4) 14.5 (12.9-16.1) 15.7 (14.3-17.0) 21.7 (19.5-24.1)
 Female 23.6 (21.5-25.7) 24.6 (23.1-26.2) 25.6 (23.7-27.2) 24.1 (22.6-25.5) 30.8 (28.5-33.2)
Age
 18-29 years 11.9 (9.9-13.8) 10.2 (8.8-11.6) 8.6 (6.7-10.6) 7.8 (6.3-9.3) 13.6 (10.2-17.0)
 30-39 years 18.1 (15.7-20.4) 17.7 (15.7-19.6) 15.1 (12.8-17.4) 13.6 (11.8-15.4) 16.2 (13.6-18.7)
 40-49 years 23.3 (19.7-26.8) 24.5 (22.1-26.9) 21.6 (19.0-24.3) 22.3 (19.9-24.8) 27.4 (23.8-31.0)
 50-59 years 33.7 (28.5-38.9) 31.6 (28.8-34.4) 30.2 (26.6-33.8) 27.4 (24.7-30.2) 39.0 (34.6-43.3)
 60 years or more 34.0 (29.4-38.5) 36.1 (33.4-38.9) 35.7 (32.3-39.1) 33.7 (31.0-36.3) 42.8 (39.1-46.6)
Skin colour
 White 21.9 (18.9-24.8) 21.8 (20.1-23.5) 21.6 (19.8-23.5) 21.3 (19.8-22.8) 26.1 (24.1-28.0)
 Black 24.0 (19.0-28.9) 23.8 (20.2-27.4) 16.0 (12.1-19.8) 18.5 (15.5-21.6) 24.9 (18.7-31.2)
 Yellow 18.3 (4.6-31.9) 15.0 (8.4-21.6) 17.2 (7.5-27.0) 16.7 (8.2-25.1) 19.6 (−0.1-39.4)
 Mixed race 20.3 (18.4-22.2) 21.7 (20.3-23.1) 19.7 (17.8-21.6) 18.7 (16.9-20.5) 29.3 (25.2-33.4)
 Indigenous 22.1 (8.7-35.5) 29.8 (16.4-43.3) 20.2 (−3.2-43.6) 33.6 (16.4-50.7) 40.6 (8.7-72.5)
Marital status
 With partner 21.6 (19.7-23.5) 23.4 (21.8-24.9) 21.4 (19.7-23.2) 23.0 (21.5-24.5) 27.4 (25.2-29.6)
 Without partner 19.9 (17.6-22.1) 19.8 (18.3-21.3) 18.1 (16.4-19.9) 16.0 (14.7-17.3) 24.9 (22.5-27.3)
Schooling level
 Illiterate/Elementary education incomplete 26.7 (24.1-29.3) 27.7 (26.0-29.3) 26.4 (24.3-28.6) 27.2 (25.1-29.4) 36.9 (34.1-39.7)
 Elementary completed/High school incomplete 18.0 (15.0-20.9) 18.3 (15.3-21.2) 18.8 (15.5-22.0) 17.9 (15.4-20.4) 24.2 (20.6-27.9)
 High school completed/College incomplete 16.2 (14.1-18.3) 15.9 (14.4-17.4) 15.1 (13.1-17.1) 15.7 (14.2-17.2) 18.7 (16.1-21.4)
 Higher education complete 17.3 (13.2-21.4) 17.0 (14.5-19.5) 17.5 (14.7-20.4) 17.2 (14.6-19.8) 18.2 (14.5-21.9)
Geographical area
 Rural 21.1 (17.4-24.7) 23.6 (20.9-26.2) 19.3 (15.9-22.7) 23.4 (18.5-28.3) 32.6 (29.1-36.1)
 Urban 20.9 (19.1-22.8) 21.5 (20.2-22.8) 20.3 (18.8-21.7) 19.9 (18.8-21.0) 25.5 (23.5-27.5)
Occupational status *
 Yes 19.5 (17.4-21.6) 19.4 (17.8-21.0) 15.8 (14.2-17.4) 16.4 (15.1-17.8) 21.7 (19.5-23.8)
 No 23.1 (20.9-25.4) 24.5 (23.0-26.1) 27.7 (25.4-30.0) 25.5 (23.8-27.2) 35.4 (32.5-38.2)
Smoking
 Yes, daily 27.6 (22.9-32.2) 26.3 (23.6-29.0) 20.6 (17.0-24.2) 24.6 (21.7-27.5) 28.9 (24.5-33.3)
 Yes, less than daily 21.1 (14.3-27.8) 16.8 (11.9-21.7) 14.8 (8.3-21.3) 17.5 (9.9-25.0) 23.9 (13.7-34.0)
 No 20.2 (18.6-21.9) 21.5 (20.3-22.8) 20.2 (18.8-21.6) 19.5 (18.3-20.7) 26.2 (24.2-28.2)
Drinking per month
 Excessive 17.9 (14.2-21.5) 16.2 (14.2-18.2) 15.3 (12.4-18.2) 15.4 (12.9-17.8) 21.7 (16.5-26.9)
 Moderate 21.3 (18.1-24.5) 19.6 (17.6-21.6) 18.0 (15.6-20.4) 19.6 (17.6-21.5) 24.2 (21.3-27.0)
 None 21.5 (19.6-23.4) 24.4 (22.9-25.9) 22.4 (20.7-24.1) 21.4 (20.0-22.8) 29.2 (26.9-31.4)
Leisure physical activity
 More than 150 min weekly 14.8 (12.4-17.2) 18.2 (16.1-20.4) 15.7 (13.5-17.9) 16.5 (14.2-18.7) 20.5 (17.3-23.7)
 Less than 150 min weekly 18.6 (14.5-22.6) 23.3 (19.7-26.9) 17.2 (14.2-20.2) 18.4 (15.2-21.5) 25.5 (21.3-29.6)
 Inactive 22.9 (20.8-24.9) 22.8 (21.6-24.0) 22.1 (20.5-23.7) 21.4 (20.1-22.7) 28.5 (26.4-30.5)
BMI
 Underweight 17.8 (11.1-24.6) 16.5 (10.1-23.0) 11.6 (5.6-17.7) 20.6 (10.2-30.6) 22.2 (10.3-34.0)
 Eutrophic 18.3 (15.9-20.7) 20.4 (18.3-22.4) 16.7 (14.9-18.6) 17.7 (16.0-19.4) 22.8 (20.2-25.5)
 Overweight 21.9 (19.1-24.8) 23.5 (21.4-25.6) 20.5 (18.1-22.8) 21.8 (19.8-23.9) 25.0 (22.1-27.9)
 Obese 22.1 (19.8-24.3) 22.4 (21.0-23.8) 23.4 (21.1-25.6) 20.9 (19.3-22.6) 31.2 (28.5-34.0)
Depression
 Yes 43.4 (37.8-49.0) 45.7 (42.0-49.3) 41.6 (36.3-46.9) 42.3 (38.0-46.5) 53.3 (48.2-58.3)
 No 19.5 (17.8-21.2) 19.9 (18.7-21.1) 18.2 (16.9-19.6) 18.3 (17.2-19.4) 23.9 (22.1-25.6)
Multimorbidity
 None 16.7 (14.6-18.8) 15.7 (14.4-17.1) 13.8 (12.2-15.4) 12.1 (10.9-13.2) 18.1 (15.7-20.4)
 One 26.9 (23.1-30.7) 27.6 (25.1-30.1) 26.0 (22.7-29.3) 24.2 (21.9-26.5) 31.5 (28.4-34.7)
 Two 37.2 (31.9-42.4) 37.5 (33.4-41.7) 39.3 (34.0-44.6) 36.4 (32.2-40.6) 38.5 (33.3-43.6)
 Three or more 57.7 (47.4-67.9) 48.6 (43.4-53.8) 41.4 (35.1-47.7) 47.5 (42.8-52.0) 57.4 (51.0-63.7)
  1. Legend: BMI Body Mass Index
  2. *Variable with missing data n = 58,545