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Table 3 Controlled direct effect (CDE) of education in 2000 on blood lipid levels in 2010 when income change is set to “increased”

From: Association between education and blood lipid levels as income increases over a decade: a cohort study

Variables In 2010 Crude Model Adjusted and weighted model a
CDE (95% CI)
CDE (95% CI)
Total Women Men Total Women Men
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 11 (−6; 30) 18 (−1; 39) 2 (− 34; 40) 9 (− 11; 28) 14 (− 7; 34) -2 (− 41; 38)
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) -2 (− 10; 7) 3 (− 7; 14) − 12 (− 25; 2) −3 (− 12; 7) 4 (− 8; 15) −12 (− 29; 5)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) −4 (− 10; 3) 1 (− 7; 9) −13 (− 23; − 3) −4 (− 11; 3) 1 (−8; 9) − 12 (− 24; 1)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) −2 (− 5; 0) −4 (− 7; − 1) 1 (− 4; 6) − 2 (− 5; 1) − 3 (− 7; 0) 1 (−5; 6)
  1. aModels adjusted for sex, age, birth weight, income at baseline, maternal education and family history of dyslipidemia