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Table 2 Baseline comparison of intervention and control arms

From: Evaluation of the effectiveness of a WHO-5A model based comprehensive tobacco control program among migrant workers in Guangdong, China: a pilot study

Variables Intervention arm Control arm Variables Intervention arm Control arm
Demographic characteristics 149(47.30) 166(52.70) Migration status   
Gender*, n(%) Migration with family, n(%)
 Male 136(91.28) 137(82.53)  Yes 115(77.18) 119(71.69)
 Female 13(8.72) 29(17.47)  No 34(22.82) 47(28.31)
Age**, n(%) Migratory times, n(%)
  ≤ 25 7(4.70) 22(13.25)  1 24(16.11) 24(14.46)
 26–35 38(25.50) 59(35.54)  2–3 93(62.42) 110(66.47)
  ≥ 36 104(69.80) 85(51.21)   ≥ 4 32(21.48) 32(19.27)
Marital status, n(%) Migratory duration, n(%)
 Unmarried 31(20.81) 50(30.12)   ≤ 5 18(12.08) 39(23.49)
 Married 118(79.19) 116(69.88)  6–10 32(21.48) 35(21.08)
Education status, n(%)  11–15 41(27.52) 43(25.90)
 Primary or below 31(20.81) 25(15.06)   ≥ 16 58(38.93) 49(29.52)
 Junior 83(55.70) 91(54.82) Health status
 Senior 28(18.79) 42(25.30)  Reported having physiological illness, n(%) 61(40.94) 80(48.19)
 College or higher 5(3.36) 8(4.82) Smoking-related variables at baseline
Income (Yuan)**, n(%)  Smoke **, n(%) 83(55.70) 58(34.94)
  ≤ 2000 13(8.72) 45(27.11)  Average daily cigarette consumption**, mean ± SD 6.61 ± 8.39 3.35 ± 5.86
 2001–3000 77(51.68) 84(50.60)  Average monthly costs on smoking (RMB), mean ± SD 215.21 ± 149.78 198.98 ± 137.19
 3001–4000 49(32.89) 25(15.06)  Confidence of success in smoking cessation(1–5), mean ± SD 2.94 ± 1.23 3.12 ± 1.25
  ≥ 4001 10(6.71) 12(7.23)  
Employment status
Attendance time, n(%)
 Day 140(93.96) 153(92.17)
 Night or double-shift 9(6.04) 13(7.83)
Work-hours per day, mean ± SD 9.24 ± 1.41 8.93 ± 1.26
Work place, n(%)
 Indoors 118(79.20) 139(83.73)
 Outdoors 11(7.38) 7(4.22)
 Both 20(13.42) 20(12.05)
  1. ** chi-square test P < 0.001; *: chi-square test P < 0.05