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Table 3 Adjusted relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval for the risk of developing hypertension according to the anthropometric measurement categories obtained at baseline (2002) by gender

From: Is waist-to-height ratio the best predictive indicator of hypertension incidence? A cohort study

Variables Overall (n = 471) Men (n = 152) Women (n = 319)
Number RR (95% CI)a Number RR (95% CI)b Number RR (95% CI)b
BMI
 Normal weight 283 1.00 79 1.00 204 1.00
 Overweight 150 1.29 (0.96–1.74) 61 1.05 (0.63–1.74) 89 1.44 (0.98–2.11)
 Obese 38 1.40 (0.90–2.18) 12 0.91 (0.37–2.26) 26 1.82 (1.07–3.09)*
WC
 Appropriate 262 1.00 120 1.00 142 1.00
 Increased 209 1.46 (1.08–1.98)* 32 0.87 (0.49–1.55) 177 1.71 (1.15–2.54)*
WHtR
 Appropriate 187 1.00 68 1.00 119 1.00
 Increased 284 1.80 (1.33–2.44)* 84 1.29 (0.78–2.15) 200 1.66 (1.08–2.56)*
  1. CI Confidence interval, BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, WHtR Waist-to-height ratio
  2. aEstimated using Poisson regression model adjusted for gender, age, education, marital status, income, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and food consumption
  3. bEstimated using Poisson regression model adjusted for age, education, marital status, income, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and food consumption
  4. *p < 0.05
  5. Firminópolis, Brazil (2002–2015)