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Table 2 Characteristics at baseline (2002) of the total sample and the sample according to the subsequent development of hypertension

From: Is waist-to-height ratio the best predictive indicator of hypertension incidence? A cohort study

Variables Overall (n = 471) Hypertensives (n = 207) Non-hypertensives (n = 264)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 152 (32.3) 74 (35.8) 78 (29.6)
 Female 319 (67.7) 133 (64.2) 186 (70.4)
Age, years (mean ± SD) 38.9 ± 12.3 44.3 ± 12.2 34.7 ± 10.7*
Education, years (mean ± SD) 6.7 ± 4.0 5.9 ± 4.1 7.3 ± 3.8*
Marital status, n (%) (n = 466)
 With partner 338 (72.5) 141 (69.1) 197 (75.2)
 Without partner 128 (27.5) 63 (30.9) 65 (24.8)
Physical activity, n (%)
 Active 270 (57.3) 116 (56.0) 154 (58.3)
 Sedentary 201 (42.7) 91 (44.0) 110 (41.7)
Smoker, n (%)
 Never smoked 291 (61.8) 104 (50.2) 187 (70.8)*
 Smoker 102 (21.7) 56 (27.1) 46 (17.4)
 Ex-smoker 78 (16.6) 47 (22.7) 31 (11.7)
Alcohol consumption, n (%)
 Yes 170 (36.1) 75 (36.2) 95 (36.0)
 No 301 (63.9) 135 (63.8) 169 (64.0)
Food consumption (mean ± SD)
 Score I 7.0 ± 2.3 6.91 ± 2.5 7.15 ± 2.2
 Score II 10.5 ± 3.0 10.5 ± 3.2 10.5 ± 2.7
BMI, n (%)
 Normal weight 283 (60.1) 108 (52.2) 175 (66.3)*
 Overweight 150 (31.8) 75 (36.2) 75 (28.4)
 Obese 38 (8.1) 24 (11.6) 14 (5.3)
BMI, kg/m2 (mean ± SD) 24.5 ± 4.3 25.4 ± 4.6 23.7 ± 3.9*
WC, n (%)
 Appropriate 262 (55.6) 95 (45.9) 167 (65.3)*
 Increased 209 (44.4) 112 (54.1) 97 (36.7)
WC, cm (mean ± SD) 82.7 ± 10.3 85.7 ± 10.5 80.2 ± 9.5*
WHtR, n (%)
 Appropriate 187 (39.7) 57 (27.5) 130 (49.2)*
 Increased 284 (60.3) 150 (72.5) 134 (50.8)
WHtR (mean ± SD) 0.52 ± 0.07 0.54 ± 0.07 0.50 ± 0.06*
  1. SD Standard deviation, Score I: Daily intake of foods considered to increase risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD); Score II: Daily intake of foods considered protective of or having no effect on risk of CVD; BMI: Body mass index; WC: Waist circumference; WHtR: Waist-to-height ratio
  2. *Significant difference between variables according to subsequent development of hypertension (p < 0.05)
  3. Firminópolis, Brazil (2002–2015)