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Table 1 Process evaluation components and questions, levels and data collection methods

From: ‘This is the beginning of the new me’: process evaluation of a group fitness intervention to promote wellbeing in formerly homeless individuals

Component Evaluation questions Data collection methods Staff level/ Organisation Participant level
Context • What factors in the organization, community, social/political environment, or other situational issues could potentially affect intervention implementation? • Observations using checklist
• Semi-structured interviews
x x
Recruitment • What strategies were used to recruit participants?
• What were the barriers to maintaining involvement of individuals?
• Observations
• Semi-structured interviews
x  
Reach/Participation • What proportion of the target population participated in the intervention and in each program session?
• Characteristics of intervention participants
• What were the perceived reasons for non-participation?
• Daily participant attendance records
• Observations using checklist
• Semi-structured interviews
x x
Dose delivered • To what extent were the intended activities provided to the participants?
• To what extent were the resources, including equipment and staffing used?
• To what extent were all of the intended strategies and activities used?
• Observations,
• Semi-structured interviews
x  
Dose received • To what extent participants, present in the fitness sessions, were engaged in the activities?
• How did participants react to trainers, equipment and other participants?
• Observations
• Semi-structured interviews
x x
Satisfaction/feedback • Did participants enjoy participating in group fitness activities?
• How did they feel after the sessions?
• What motivated them to participate?
• Observations
• Semi-structured interviews
x x
Fidelity • To what extent was the intervention implemented consistent with the underlying theory and philosophy?
• Did exercising in the group setting promote social interaction?
• Observations
• Semi-structured interviews
x x