Skip to main content

Table 2 a) Prevalence of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) outcomes and b) frequency of long lasting RTIs

From: Obesity and risk of respiratory tract infections: results of an infection-diary based cohort study

a)
  All (N = 1455): Male (N = 524): Female (N = 931):  
Outcome indicators Prevalence (%) 95% CI Prevalence (%) 95% CI Prevalence (%) 95% CI P-valuea (gender)
Monthly level:
 AnyRTI 36.3 (34.9;37.7) 35.1 (32.7;37.5) 37.0 (35.2;38.7) 0.223
 AnyURTI 31.5 (30.2;32.9) 29.9 (27.6;32.1) 32.4 (30.7;34.1) 0.077
 AnyLRTI 7.9 (7.1; 8.8) 9.0 (7.3;10.6) 7.4 (6.4; 8.3) 0.097
 Sinusitis 7.0 (6.2; 7.8) 5.3 (4.1; 6.5) 7.9 (6.9; 8.9) < 0.001
 Rhinitis 26.6 (25.4;27.9) 25.8 (23.7;27.9) 27.0 (25.4;28.6) 0.368
 Otitis media 0.94 (0.67; 1.21) 0.87 (0.49; 1.24) 0.98 (0.61; 1.35) 0.674
 Pharyngitis/Laryngitis 10.5 (9.6;11.3) 9.7 (8.2;11.2) 10.9 (9.8;11.9) 0.218
 Tonsillitis 1.9 (1.6; 2.3) 1.4 (0.8; 2.0) 2.2 (1.8; 2.7) 0.040
 Influenza-like illness 11.4 (10.6;12.1) 11.3 (10.1;12.6) 11.4 (10.4;12.4) 0.942
 Bronchitis 7.8 (7.0; 8.7) 8.9 (7.2;10.5) 7.3 (6.3; 8.2) 0.102
 Pneumonia 0.21 (0.11; 0.30) 0.26 (0.07; 0.45) 0.17 (0.08; 0.27) 0.433
 Pleurisy 0.10 (0.03; 0.17) 0.17 (0.00; 0.34) 0.06 (0.01; 0.11) 0.220
 Other acute resp. Infections 2.4 (2.0; 2.8) 1.9 (1.1; 2.7) 2.6 (2.1; 3.1) 0.137
  ≥ 3 RTIs 8.6 (7.8; 9.4) 8.1 (6.8; 9.4) 8.9 (7.9; 9.8) 0.362
 Long RTIs 13.0 (11.9;14.0) 12.7 (10.8;14.6) 13.1 (11.8;14.4) 0.737
 Upper 10% in diary score 10.0 (9.1;10.9) 10.0 (8.4;11.6) 10.0 (8.9;11.1) 0.992
Seasonal level:
  ≥ 4 months RTIs 19.3 (17.6;21.0) 18.6 (15.9;21.4) 19.6 (17.5;21.8) 0.566
  ≥ 3 long RTIs 9.2 (8.1;10.4) 9.9 (7.8;11.9) 8.9 (7.4;10.3) 0.445
 Upper 10% in diary score 10.2 (8.9;11.5) 10.7 (8.3;13.1) 9.9 (8.3;11.5) 0.602
Individual-level:
 Upper 10% in diary score 10.0 (8.4;11.5) 9.9 (7.4;12.5) 10.0 (8.1;11.9) 0.968
b)
  All (N = 1455): Male (N = 524): Female (N = 931):  
  Frequencyb (%) 95% CI Frequencyb (%) 95% CI Frequencyb (%) 95% CI P-valuea (gender)
Outcome indicators
 Any long RTI 35.5 (33.4;37.6) 36.2 (32.4;39.9) 35.2 (32.7;37.7) 0.674
 Sinusitis 41.1 (36.7;45.5) 45.0 (35.4;54.6) 39.6 (34.8;44.5) 0.326
 Rhinitis 26.2 (24.0;28.4) 27.4 (23.4;31.4) 25.5 (22.9;28.1) 0.435
 Otitis media 32.6 (22.7;42.6) 36.7 (18.1;55.4) 31.1 (19.1;43.0) 0.616
 Pharyngitis/Laryngitis 27.8 (24.6;30.9) 32.6 (26.7;38.6) 25.5 (22.0;29.1) 0.043
 Tonsillitis 16.7 (11.7;21.8) 23.7 (12.3;35.2) 14.4 (8.9;20.0) 0.153
 Influenza-like illness 26.0 (23.1;28.8) 28.8 (23.8;33.7) 24.5 (21.1;28.0) 0.175
 Bronchitis 48.2 (44.5;51.9) 48.3 (41.7;54.9) 48.1 (44.0;52.2) 0.965
 Pneumonia 59.0 (42.0;75.9) 66.7 (44.4;88.9) 52.4 (29.4;75.4) 0.382
 Other acute resp. infections 46.5 (39.7;53.3) 55.8 (42.5;69.0) 42.9 (35.5;50.4) 0.097
  1. athe p-value for the gender difference is based on the Fisher’s exact test for comorbidities and on chi2 otherwise
  2. bfor all months in which a respective infection was reported