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Table 6 Associations between infectious burden and metabolic risk factors, after exclusion of self-reported cases

From: Ethnic differences in infectious burden and the association with metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease: a cross-sectional analysis

  Diabetesa Cholesterolb Hypertensionc
OR (95%-CI) OR (95%-CI) OR (95%-CI)
IBd
- High 2.54 (0.67–9.67) 1.27 (0.70–2.31) 1.47 (0.82–2.65)
- Intermediate 0.99 (0.27–3.66) 1.26 (0.73–2.17) 1.45 (0.85–2.47)
- Low Reference Reference Reference
  1. With the term infection we in this study refer to antibody seropositivity, a measure reflecting current or past infection; a:Diabetes was determined by glucose > 11.0 mmol/L and/or HbA1c > 6.5%, after exclusion of people with self-reported diabetes; b: Elevated cholesterol was measured by total/HDL-cholesterol ≥5 mmol/L, after exclusion of people with self-reported dyslipidemia; d, c: Hypertension was measured by DBP ≥ 90 mmHg or SBP ≥ 140 mmHg, after exclusion of people with self-reported hypertension; d: IB = infectious burden measured by the number of infections (HSV1, HSV2, HAV, HBV, HCV and H.pylori) a participant was seropositive for. With the term infection we in this study refer to antibody seropositivity, a measure reflecting current or past infection. The subcategories are: low (0–2 infections), intermediate (3 infections) and high (4–6 infections)