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Table 3 Food Insecurity among n = 422 Women’s Development Army leaders and members, rural Amhara, 2015

From: Volunteers in Ethiopia’s women’s development army are more deprived and distressed than their neighbors: cross-sectional survey data from rural Ethiopia

HFIAS items 1–30 Leaders (n = 73) 1–5 Leaders (n = 142) 1–5 Members (n = 207) P-values
1: Worried about having enough food, % yes 35.6 35.2 31.4 0.661
2: Not able to get preferred foods, % yes 38.4 32.4 27.1 0.124
3: Ate just a few kinds of food, % yes 47.9 42.3 42 0.361
4: Ate unwanted/undesirable food, % yes 12.3 9.2 7.7 0.275
5: Reduced amount of food eaten, % yes 27.4 22.5 13.5 0.043
6: Ate fewer meals/times in a day, % yes 23.3 14.1 12.1 0.023
7: No food at all in the house, % yes 5.5 2.1 1.9 0.104a
8: Went to sleep hungry/without eating, % yes 8.2 4.2 4.8 0.242a
9: Went a whole day without eating, % yes 5.5 2.1 2.4 0.136a
Food Insecurity score, mean (range) 3.0 (0–22) 2.6 (0–19) 2.2 (0–20) 0.149
  1. aFisher’s exact test