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Table 1 Socio-economic and demographic indicators among n = 422 Women’s Development Army leaders and members, rural Amhara, 2015

From: Volunteers in Ethiopia’s women’s development army are more deprived and distressed than their neighbors: cross-sectional survey data from rural Ethiopia

  1–30 Leaders (n = 73) 1–5 Leaders (n = 142) 1–5 Members (n = 207) P-valuesb
Age in years, mean (range) 36.6 (18–55) 34.2 (18–60) 34.7 (18–65) 0.096
Married, % 61.6 80.3 82.6 0.000
Divorced or separated, % 21.9 7.7 7.7 0.000
Widowed, % 15.1 11.3 8.7 0.180
Any formal schooling, % 23.3 17.6 13 0.112
Schooling in years, mean (range) 1.2 (0–10) 0.9 (0–11) 0.7 (0–10) 0.223
People in household, mean (range) 4.8 (2–9) 5.4 (1–12) 5.0 (1–10) 0.124
Own oxen, % 61.6 78.9 79.2 0.001
Own donkeys, % 15.1 23.9 25.6 0.070
Own mobile phone, % 11 3.5 4.8 0.041a
Own house, % 95.9 99.3 96.1 0.444a
Have land to farm, % 84.9 90.1 84.5 0.668
Have electricity in your house, % 6.8 6.3 6.8 1.000a
Non-farm income-generating activity, % 74.0 65.5 61.8 0.082
Received micro-loans, % 53.4 45.8 38.6 0.063
  1. aFisher’s exact test
  2. bAll p-values in this paper are associated with comparisons between 1-30 leaders and the rest of our sample (1–5 leaders and members combined)