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Table 3 Risk indicators for LTBI in South Omo pastoral communities

From: Latent tuberculosis infection and associated risk indicators in pastoral communities in southern Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables   With LTBI Without LTBI COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI) P-value
No (%) No (%)
Gender Male 125 (49.8) 126 (50.2) Ref   
Female 126 (51.2) 120 (48.8) 1.06 (0.75-1.51) 1.23 (0.80-1.90) 0.350
Age (in year) ≤ 24 38 (45.2) 46 (54.8) Ref   
25-44 117 (47.0) 132 (53.0) 1.07 (0.65-1.76) 0.96 (0.50-1.84) 0.904
45-64 89 (59.3) 61 (40.7) 1.77 (1.0-3.03) 1.40 (0.67-2.94) 0.376
65+ 6 (54.5) 5 (45.6) 1.45 (0.41-5.13) 1.43 (0.32-6.50) 0.640
Religion Christian 87 (57.6) 64 (42.4) Ref   
Others 164 (47.4) 182 (52.6) 0.66 (0.45-0.96) 0.67 (0.39-1.23) 0.211
Marital status Married 195 (51.2) 186 (48.8) Ref   
Unmarried 23 (41.1) 33 (58.9) 0.86 (0.50-1.48) 0.63 (0.29-1.38) 0.249
Others 33 (55.0) 27 (45.0) 0.57 (0.27-1.19) 0.99 (0.50-1.95) 0.976
Education status Illiterate 211 (50.2) 209 (49.8) Ref   
Literate 40 (51.9) 37 (48.1) 1.07 (0.66-1.74) 1.42 (0.71-2.85) 0.326
Occupation Pastoral 208 (50.5) 204 (49.5) Ref   
Other 43 (50.6) 42 (49.4) 1.00 (0.63-1.60) 0.77 (0.38-1.55) 0.463
District Benatsemay 53 (41.4) 75 (58.6) Ref   
Hamer 52 (44.8) 64 (55.2) 1.15 (0.69-1.91) 1.15 (0.59-2.22) 0.682
Dasanech 68 (64.8) 37 (35.2) 2.35 (1.36-4.05) 2.62 (1.30-5.28) 0.007
Ngangatom 24 (54.5) 20 (45.5) 1.70 (0.85-3.39) 1.30 (0.43-3.99) 0.641
Selamago 34 (54.8) 28 (45.2) 1.72 (0.93-3.12) 1.77 (0.86-3.65) 0.123
Malee 20 (47.6) 22 (52.4) 1.29 (0.64-2.59) 1.49 (0.65-3.59) 0.344
Health status Normal 177 (48.1) 191 (51.9) Ref   
Sick 74 (57.4) 55 (42.6) 1.45 (1.97-2.17) 1.24 (0.76-2.02) 0.393
BMI < 18.5 88 (57.5) 65 (42.5) Ref   
18.5-24.99 147 (47.7) 161 (52.3) 0.67 (0.46-1.00) 0.75 (0.49-1.19) 0.221
> 25 7 (41.2) 10 (58.8) 0.52 (0.19-1.43) 0.54 (0.17-1.76) 0.307
Contact history Yes 90 (54.5) 75 (45.5) Ref   
No 154 (47.8) 168 (52.2) 0.76 (0.52-1.11) 0.74 (0.47-1.17) 0.201
Unknown 7 3 1.94 (0.49-7.78) 1.99 (0.44-9.02) 0.374
Number of family < 5 165 (54.6) 137 (45.4) Ref   
5-10 72 (43.6) 93 (56.4) 0.64 (0.44-0.94) 0.65 (0.42-0.99) 0.045
> 10 14 (46.7) 16 (53.3) 0.73 (0.34-1.54) 0.73 (0.31-1.73) 0.479
Tobacco smoking Yes 138 (52.1) 127 (47.9) Ref   
No 108 (48.9) 113 (51.1) 0.89 (0.62-1.27) 1.08 (0.69-1.70) 0.736
Alcoholism Yes 184 (52.0) 170 (48.0) Ref   
No 67 (46.9) 76 (53.1) 0.82 (0.55-1.20) 0.70 (0.43-1.14) 0.150
Hospitalization Yes 31 (47.7) 34 (52.3) Ref   
No 220 (50.9) 212 (49.1) 1.12 (0.68-1.92) 1.05 (0.57-1.94) 0.872
Imprison Yes 15 (45.5) 18 (54.5) Ref   
No 236 (50.9) 228 (49.1) 1.24 (0.61-2.53) 1.37 (0.59-3.20) 0.872
Raw milk consumption No 20 (51.3) 19 (48.7) Ref   
Yes sometimes 46 (59.7) 31 (40.3) 1.41 (0.64-3.06) 1.24 (0.49-3.13) 0.649
Yes always 185 (48.6) 196 (51.4) 0.90 (0.46-1.73) 0.63 (0.28-1.40) 0.255
Raw meat consumption No 76 (52.4) 69 (47.6) Ref   
Yes sometimes 149 (47.6) 164 (52.4) 0.83 (0.57-1.22) 1.02 (0.56-1.88) 0.946
Yes always 26 (66.7) 13 (33.3) 1.82 (0.87-3.81) 2.89 (1.09-7.66) 0.033
BCG Scar No 38 (46.9) 43 (53.1) Ref   
Yes 213 (51.2) 203 (48.8) 1.19 (0.74-2.91) 0.95 (0.54-1.67) 0.869
Sharing of drink materials with TB Patients No 226 (52.8) 203 (47.2) Ref   
Yes 24 (63.2) 14 (36.8) 1.53 (0.77-3.04) 1.13 (0.71-2.99) 0.847
  1. Note No number, BMI Body Mass Index, BCG Bacille Calmette Guerin
  2. Boldfaces are the variable that showed statistically significant either in crude and/or adjusted odds ratios