Skip to main content

Table 5 Results from logistics regression assessing the association between potential predictors and consistent latrine use in Becho district of Ethiopia. May 2015. (n = 764)

From: The role of psychological factors in predicting latrine ownership and consistent latrine use in rural Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Number (%) who did not consistently used latrine Number (%) who consistently used latrine COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Psychological factors
Perceived vulnerability
 Low 24 (14.78) 57 (9.5) 1.00 1.00
 High 138 (85.2) 545 (90.5) 2.17 (1.50–3.14 2.069 (0.97–4.41)
Perceived severity
 Low 11 (6.8) 40 (6.6) 1.00 1.00
 High 151 (93.2) 562 (93.4) 2.71 (1.77–4.15) 0.30 (0.11–0.80)
Attitude
 Low 108 (66.7) 142 (23.6) 1.00 1.00
 High 54 (33.3) 460 (76.4) 6.48 (4.44–9.45) 7.45 (4.91–11.30)
Descriptive norm (latrine use)
 High 71 (43.8) 257 (42.8) 1.00 1.00
 Low 91 (56.2) 343 (57.2) 1.04 (0.73–1.48) 0.95 (0.63–1.44)
Injunctive norm (latrine use)
 Low 184 (65.0) 405 (53.0) 1.00 1.00
 High 99 (35) 359 (47.0) 1.34(1.00–1.90) 1.23 (0.80–1.90)
Demographic variables
Age group
  < 30 22 (13.6) 90 (15.0) 1.00 1.00
 30–49 92 (58.6) 328 (54.5) 0.87 (0.52–1.47) 0.79 (0.43–1.45)
 50+ 48 (29.6) 184 (30.5) 0.94 (0.53–1.65) 0.71 (0.35–1.40)
Education Status
 No/informal education 84 (52.0) 332 (55.0) 1.00 1.00
 Primary Education 69 (42.6) 215 (5.7) 0.79 (0.55–1.13) 0.66 (0.42–1.05)
 Secondary education 9 (5.6) 15 (9.0) 1.54 (0.74–3.30) 0.86 (0.36–2.04)
School child present
 No 17 (10.5) 65 (10.8) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 145 (89.5) 537 (89.2) 0.97 (0.55–1.70) 0.90 (0.46–1.73)
Family size
 0–6 97 (60.6) 351 (58.8) 1.00 1.00
  > 6 63 (39.4) 246 (41.2) 1.08 (0.76–1.54) 1.06 (0.71–1.59)
Gender
 Male 103 (63.6) 381 (63.0) 1.00 1.00
 Female 59 (36.4) 221 (37.0) 1.01 (0.71–1.45) 1.05 (0.67–1.66)
Exposure to communication
Advised by HEW
 No 20 (12.3) 47 (7.8) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 142 (87.7) 555 (92.2) 1.66 (0.95–2.90) 0.60 (0.35–1.05)
Participated in CLTSH
 No 119(73.5) 450 (74.8) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 43 (26.5) 152 (25.2) 0.94 (0.63–1.39) 1.02 (0.64–1.62)
Latrine quality factors
Clean latrine
 No 38 (23.5) 60 (10.0) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 124 (75.5) 542 (90.0) 2.77 (1.76–4.35) 1.69 (1.00–3.00)
Latrine has protected entry
 No 144 (89) 454 (75.4) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 18 (11) 148 (24.6) 2.61 (1.54–4.40) 1.94 (1.10–3.48)
Latrine has superstructure
 No 96 (59.3) 222 (37) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 66 (40.7) 380 (63.0) 2.48 (1.74–3.54) * 2.26 (1.47–3.48)*