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Table 3 Health risk behaviour awareness ratings (Means)

From: Prevalence, risk awareness and health beliefs of behavioural risk factors for cardiovascular disease among university students in nine ASEAN countries

Countrya Overweight (0–2) Lack of exercise (0–2) Cigarette smoking (0–3) Alcohol use (0–2) Dietary fat (0–2)
All Men Women All Men Women All Men Women All Men Women All Men Women
Indonesia 1.30 1.22 1.33 0.58 0.50 0.61 2.07 1.87 2.15* 1.19 1.09 1.23 0.88 0.82 0.98*
Laos 1.08 1.02 1.11 0.52 0.57 0.50 1.34 1.33 1.35 0.74 0.67 0.78 0.62 0.66 0.60
Malaysia 1.52 1.55 1.49 0.65 0.64 0.65 1.75 1.81 1.69 1.04 1.04 1.03 0.89 0.88 0.90
Myanmar 1.68 1.65 1.71 0.88 0.89 0.88 2.10 2.28 1.98 1.14 1.19 1.10 0.75 1.12* 0.59
Philippines 1.73 1.81 1.70 0.73 0.76 0.72 1.78 1.90 1.74 1.27 1.39 1.23 0.98 1.09 0.96
Singapore 1.68 1.68 1.68 0.91 0.90 0.93 2.02 2.04 2.00 1.28 1.24 1.31 0.93 0.92 0.93
Thailand 1.28 1.27 1.29 0.69 0.63 0.70 1.43 1.56 1.40 1.09 1.15 1.08 0.73 0.72 0.74
Vietnam 1.72 1.73 1.72 1.32 1.24 1.39 2.14 2.21 2.07 1.38 1.41 1.35 1.06 1.05 1.06
All 1.46 1.50* 1.44 0.78 0.80 0.76 1.77 1.87* 1.72 1.14 1.15 1.13 0.83 0.85* 0.82
  1. *P < 0.001; awas not assessed in Cambodia