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Table 2 Demographic and household characteristics of participants

From: Designing a behavioral intervention using the COM-B model and the theoretical domains framework to promote gas stove use in rural Guatemala: a formative research study

Maternal characteristics
 Maternal age, years, mean (range) 25.4 (18.4–38.8)
 Maternal education, n (%) (n = 49)
 None 13 (27)
   Completed elementary school 13 (27)
   Completed middle school 7 (14)
   Completed high school 16 (32)
   Principal source of income in the home
 Tenant farmers/works the land of others 25 (50)
   Employee in public/private sector 13 (26)
   Construction 4 (8)
   Small business owner 3 (6)
   Cultivates own land; weaves; sells animals 3 (6)
 Maternal ethnicity, n (%)
   Mam-speaking, or indigenous 42 (86)
   Spanish-speaking, or ladino 3 (6)
   Both 4 (8)
First pregnancy, n (%) 7 (14)
Prior pregnancies, mean (range) 3.4 (2–10)
Gestational age at baseline, weeks (mean, range) 13.1 (6.7–19.7)
Household characteristics
 Socioeconomic status
  Crowdinga, mean (range)) 4.9 (1.3–12)
  Economic supportb, mean (range) 2.3 (1–6)
  Dependency ratioc, mean (range) 3.8 (1.4–10)
Access to latrine, n (%) 49 (98)
 Main water source during dry season, n (%)
  Piped water to home 33 (66)
  Well water 9 (18)
  Natural well (spring) 8 (16)
 Main house structure materials, n (%)
Roof
  Aluminum 44 (88)
  Tile/Cement 6 (12)
Walls
  Adobe 29 (58)
  Cinderblock/brick 16 (32)
  Wood/Other 7 (14)
Floor
  Cement 28 (56)
  Dirt 21 (42)
  Tile 1 (2)
Exposure to air pollution
 Primary lighting source, n (%)
  Candles 2 (4)
  Electricity 48 (96)
 Primary heating source, n (%)
  None 43 (86)
  Open fire 2 (4)
  Wood chimney stove 5 (10)
 Primary stove type
  Open fire 10 (20)
  Plancha stove (no chimney or deteriorated) 40 (80)
 Stove qualityd
  Fair 4 (8)
  Moderate 35 (70)
  Poor 11 (22)
 Cooking fuel type, n (%)
  Wood only 7 (14)
  Wood and crop residue 22 (44)
  Wood and plastic 2 (4)
  Wood, crop residue and plastic 19 (38)
 Traditional steam bath
  Usage per week, median minutes (IQR) 60 (30, 67)
 Symptoms associated to cooking, n (%)
  Eyes irritated 42 (84)
  Throat irritated/Causes coughing 35 (70)
  Headache 30 (60)
Household decision-making
Large purchase items
  Participant 2 (4)
  Spouse 22 (44)
  Both participant and spouse together 8 (16)
  In-laws 12 (24)
  Other family member 6 (12)
Small daily purchases
  Participant 6 (12)
  Spouse 7 (14)
  Both participant and spouse together 19 (38)
  In-laws 12 (24)
  Other family member 6 (12)
Visiting relatives
  Participant 5 (10)
  Spouse only 17 (34)
  Both participant and spouse together 23 (46)
  In-laws 4 (8)
  Other family members 1 (2)
  1. aCrowding represents the ratio of the number of household inhabitants to the number of rooms in the house
  2. bNumber of adults providing economic support in the household
  3. cDependency ratio is the ratio of the number of household inhabitants to the number of adults providing economic support
  4. dStove quality cut offs are based on the total possible number of problems observed with the chimney stove during stove evaluation. The lower 25% quartile was considered to be fair, 25–75% moderate, and 75% and above poor quality. Open fires were categorized as poor quality