Skip to main content

Table 1 Scenarios to reduce dietary GHG emission for people in highest tertile of dietary GHG emission

From: Reducing GHG emissions while improving diet quality: exploring the potential of reduced meat, cheese and alcoholic and soft drinks consumption at specific moments during the day

Foods Consumption occasion Reductions/replacements Scenario
Cheese In between meals Cheese without breada
50% replaced by nuts (mixed, unsalted)
50% replaced by cherry tomatoes
‘Cheese’
   Cheese with breada
50% replaced by peanut butter
50% replaced by vegetable sandwich spread
Meat Dinner Red/processed meat consumption reduced by 50% (not replaced) ‘Meat50’
   Red/processed meat consumption reduced by 75% (not replaced) ‘Meat75’
Drinks All day Alcoholic drinks and soft drinksb
50% replaced by tap water
‘Water50’
   Alcoholic drinks and soft drinksb
100% replaced by tap water
‘Water100’
Combinations   Combination of Cheese + Meat50 + Water50 ‘Combi50’
   Combination of Cheese + Meat75 + Water100 ‘Combimax’
  1. aRandom replacement of consumptions on a population level by plant-based substitutes of the same quantity (in grams)
  2. bSoft drinks were defined as all cold non-alcoholic drinks, excluding tap water and dairy drinks but including fruit drinks, fruit nectars, vegetable juices, carbonated drinks, syrups, lemonades, vitamin waters, mineral waters, energy drinks, sports drinks and iced tea