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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants

From: Socio-demographic and sexual practices associated with HIV infection in Kenyan injection and non-injection drug users

Characteristic Non-DU Non-IDU IDU P
HIV[−], n = 135 HIV[+], n = 55 HIV[−], n = 48 HIV[+], n = 17 HIV[−], n = 39 HIV[+], n = 157
Female 75 (55.6) 29 (52.7) 19 (39.6) 6 (35.3) 14 (35.9) 86 (54.8) 0.081
Median age (IQR), yrs. 30.0 (14.3) 41.7 (14.2) 30.4 (11.8) 30.4 (11.0) 26.8 (5.2)a 30.6 (6.5) < 0.0001
Education
 Secondary or college 74 (54.8) 25 (45.4) 22 (45.9) 6 (35.3) 12 (30.8) 35 (22.3) < 0.0001
 Primary or none 61 (45.2) 30 (54.6) 26 (54.2) 11 (64.7) 27 (69.3) 122 (76.7)
Marital status
 Married 59 (43.7) 28 (50.9) 23 (47.9) 5 (29.4) 9 (23.1) 17 (10.8) < 0.0001
 Never married (single) 52 (38.5) 2 (3.6) 12 (25.0) 2 (11.8) 20 (51.3) 44 (28.0)
 Divorced, separated or widowed 24 (9.6) 25 (45.5) 13 (27.2) 10 (58.8) 10 (25.6) 96 (61.1)
Religion
 Catholic 50 (37.0) 11 (20.0) 18 (37.5) 5 (29.4) 11 (28.2) 43 (27.4) < 0.0001
 Protestant 54 (40.0) 33 (60.0) 18 (37.5) 6 (35.3) 5 (12.8) 36 (22.9)
 Muslim 31 (23.0) 11 (20.0) 12 (25.0) 6 (35.3) 23 (59.0) 78 (49.7)
Occupation
 CSW 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (15.4) 35 (22.3)
 Entertainment or beauty therapy 5 (3.7) 3 (5.5) 3 (6.3) 2 (11.8) 3 (7.7) 41 (26.1)
 Transport 12 (8.9) 6 (10.9) 9 (18.8) 4 (23.5) 13 (33.3) 35 (22.3)
 Hospitality 7 (5.2) 3 (5.5) 8 (16.7) 2 (11.8) 3 (7.7) 10 (6.4)
 Small business 35 (25.9) 25 (45.5) 13 (27.1) 5 (29.4) 12 (30.8) 27 (17.2)
 Service 26 (19.3) 11 (20.0) 10 (20.8) 2 (11.8) 2 (5.1) 4 (2.5)
 Unemployed 50 (37.0) 7 (12.7) 5 (10.4) 2 (11.8) 0 (0.0) 5 (3.2)
Income, Kshs/montha
  > 15,000 27 (20.0) 13 (23.6) 13 (27.1) 3 (17.6) 26 (66.7) 127 (80.9) < 0.0001
 5000-15,000 48 (35.6) 22 (40.0) 22 (45.8) 7 (41.2) 11 (28.2) 25 (15.9)
  < 5000 60 (44.4) 20 (36.4) 13 (27.1) 7 (41.2) 2 (5.1) 5 (3.2)
  1. Data are presented as number and proportions (%) of subjects, unless otherwise indicated. Statistical analyses were conducted using the Pearson’s chi-square. Non-DU, non-drug users. Non-IDU non-injection drug users, IDU injection drug users. aAs at June 30th 2016, US$ was equivalent to KShs 86.8 aP < 0.01 vs. HIV-infected and uninfected IDUs and non-DUs. Values in bold indicate significant P-values