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Table 4 Knowledge and practice of self-care techniques by LF and leprosy affected participants

From: Assessing the feasibility of integration of self-care for filarial lymphoedema into existing community leprosy self-help groups in Nepal

  Know about Practice Reason if not practiced
LF (n = 52)
Self-care methods
 Protect feeta 26 24 2- It is not practical
 Clean limbsa 21 17 3- it takes too long;
1- it is not practical
 Apply creamsa 16 16  
 Raise limb and exercisea 8 8  
 Other or local treatmentsb 11  
Breadth of knowledge and practice
 At least 2 of the 4 recommended methods 27 23  
 At least 3 of the 4 recommended methods 14 11  
 All 4 recommended methods 3 3  
 Mean number of methods 1.81 (SD = 0.951) 1.25 (SD = 1.404)  
Leprosy (n = 53)
Self-care methods
 Protect Feeta 52 52  
 Soak limbs in clean watera 48 45 3- it takes too long
 Physical Exercisea 48 48  
 Check eyes in Mirrora 22 18 2- it takes too long;
2- need help
 Other or local treatmentsb 3  
Breadth of knowledge and practice
 At least 2 of the 4 recommended methods 52 51  
 At least 3 of the 4 recommended methods 46 45  
 All 4 methods 19 13  
 Mean number of methods 3.21 (SD = 0.717) 3.08 (SD = 0.703)  
  1. amethods of self-care as recommended by WHO
  2. bother or local treatments that are not recommended by WHO