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Table 4 Estimated effects and corresponding 95% CI of mixed effect logistic regression model for the use of contraception variable

From: Identifying factors influencing contraceptive use in Bangladesh: evidence from BDHS 2014 data

Variable Category COR p-value 95% CI AOR p-value 95% CI
Constant      0.15 0.001 0.11-0.20
Division Dhaka 1.00    1.00   
  Chittagong 0.69 0.001 0.60-0.80 0.83 0.031 0.70-0.98
  Rajshahi 1.33 0.001 1.13-1.56 1.31 0.003 1.10-1.56
  Khulna 1.20 0.027 1.02-1.40 1.29 0.004 1.08-1.54
  Barisal 0.95 0.554 0.81-1.12 1.17 0.091 0.97-1.41
  Rangpur 1.33 0.001 1.13-1.56 1.17 0.087 0.98-1.39
  Sylhet 0.55 0.001 0.47-0.64 0.42 0.001 0.34-0.50
Residence Urban 1.00    1.00   
  Rural 0.80 0.001 0.72-0.89 0.77 0.001 0.69-0.86
Religion Non-Muslim 1.00    1.00   
  Muslim 0.83 0.003 0.73-0.94 0.84 0.026 0.73-0.98
Sex of household head Female 1.00    Not retained in the final model
  Male 3.38 0.001 3.03-3.78  
Number of household members <4 1.00    1.00   
  ≥ 4 1.95 0.001 1.81-2.11 1.83 0.001 1.66-2.02
Wealth quintile Poorest 1.00    Not retained in the final model
  Poorer 0.98 0.653 0.88-1.08  
  Middle 0.89 0.025 0.80-0.98    
  Richer 0.81 0.001 0.73-0.91    
  Richest 0.78 0.001 0.70-0.88    
Age (in years) 15-19 1.00    1.00   
  20-24 1.38 0.001 1.23-1.54 1.27 0.001 1.10-1.47
  25-29 1.82 0.001 1.62-2.03 1.87 0.001 1.62-2.16
  30-34 2.73 0.001 2.42-3.08 3.37 0.001 2.89-3.94
  35-39 2.47 0.001 2.18-2.81 3.23 0.001 2.73-3.81
  40-44 1.38 0.001 1.22-1.57 1.78 0.001 1.50-2.10
  45-49 0.53 0.001 0.46-0.61 0.67 0.001 0.56-0.80
Education No education 1.00    Not retained in the final model
  Primary 1.10 0.032 1.01-1.20  
  Secondary 1.03 0.422 0.95-1.13    
  Higher 1.04 0.503 0.92-1.18    
Occupation Unemployed 1.00    1.00   
  Employed 1.42 0.001 1.32-1.53 1.26 0.001 1.15-1.37
BMI 18.5-24.9 1.00    1.00   
  <18.5 0.89 0.009 0.82-0.97 0.90 0.066 0.81-1.01
  25-29.9 0.97 0.501 0.90-1.05 0.91 0.068 0.82-1.01
  ≥30 0.75 0.001 0.65-0.86 0.71 0.001 0.60-0.84
Currently breastfeeding No 1.00    1.00   
  Yes 1.50 0.001 1.39-1.63 2.47 0.001 2.12-2.87
Husband’s age difference with wife Woman older/same age 1.00    Not retained in the final model
  1-5 years older 1.06 0.660 0.82-1.37  
  6-10 years older 1.07 0.622 0.83-1.38    
  > 10 years older 0.94 0.657 0.73-1.22    
Variable Category COR p-value 95% CI AOR p-value 95% CI
Husband’s education level No education 1.00    1.00   
  Primary 1.04 0.421 0.95-1.13 1.15 0.008 1.04-1.28
  Secondary 0.85 0.001 0.78-0.93 1.12 0.044 1.01-1.25
  Higher 0.95 0.343 0.86-1.05 1.28 0.001 1.12-1.46
Husband’s occupation Unemployed 1.00    Not retained in the final model
  Employed 1.23 0.277 0.85-1.78  
Currently residing with husband Staying elsewhere 1.00    1.00   
  Living with her 5.60 0.001 5.05-6.21 2.78 0.001 2.41-3.21
Sexually active in past year No or moderate 1.00    1.00   
  Yes or highly 7.43 0.001 6.78-8.15 4.97 0.001 4.38-5.65
Desire for child Both desire same number 1.00    1.00   
  Husband desires more 1.02 0.693 0.92-1.13 1.03 0.595 0.91-1.17
  Husband desires fewer 1.25 0.001 1.10-1.42 1.23 0.007 1.06-1.44
Currently amenorrheic No 1.00    1.00   
  Yes 0.17 0.001 0.14-0.20 0.06 0.001 0.04-0.07
Currently abstaining No 1.00    1.00   
  Yes 0.08 0.001 0.06-0.10 0.16 0.001 0.10-0.23
Total children ever born 0-1 1.00    Not retained in the final model
  2-3 2.50 0.001 2.33-2.69  
  4+ 1.78 0.001 1.64-1.94    
Number of living children 0 1.00    Not retained in the final model
  1 3.88 0.001 3.44-4.38  
  2 6.56 0.001 5.82-7.40    
  3+ 5.58 0.001 4.97-6.27    
Number of child born in last five years 0 1.00    1.00   
  1 1.93 0.001 1.80-2.06 2.44 0.001 2.17-2.73
  2+ 1.51 0.001 1.32-1.74 2.12 0.001 1.69-2.64
Total children ever died 0 1.00    1.00   
  1 0.93 0.107 0.85-1.02 0.86 0.014 0.76-0.97
  2+ 0.65 0.001 0.56-0.76 0.72 0.002 0.58-0.88
Exposure to media message on FP No exposure 1.00    Not retained in the final model
  At least some exposure 1.05 0.250 0.97-1.13  
  1. COR = Crude odds ratio, AOR = Adjusted odds ratio and p-value ≤ 0.001 are treated as 0.001