Skip to main content

Table 3 Adherence as indicated by various assessment methods during the 30-day intervention period

From: Adherence to home fortification with micronutrient powders in Kenyan pre-school children: self-reporting and sachet counts compared to an electronic monitoring device

Adherence MEMS (n = 338) Self-reporting (n = 338) Sachet count (n = 338)
Coveragea 330 (97.6%) 317 (93.8%) 313 (92.6%)
Missingb 8 (2.4%) 21 (6.2%) 19 (5.6%)
High (≥ 80%, or ≥24 sachets consumed) 200 (60.6%) 266 (83.9%) 270 (86.3%)
Low (< 80%, or 1-23 sachets consumed) 130 (39.4%) 51 (16.1%) 43 (13.7%)
  1. Values indicate n (%), MEMS Medication Events Monitoring System
  2. aNumber of children who consumed at least one of the 30 sachets scheduled during the intervention period
  3. bReasons, by intervention group: MEMS: 6 participants moved residence, 1 participant damaged the electronic device and another lost the electronic device; Self-reporting: 6 participants moved residence; 15 others failed to submit their self-reporting forms; Sachet counts: 6 participants moved residence; 13 others failed to return empty sachets