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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Adherence to home fortification with micronutrient powders in Kenyan pre-school children: self-reporting and sachet counts compared to an electronic monitoring device

Characteristic Placebo Iron, 3 mg as NaFeEDTA Iron, 12.5 mg as ferrous fumarate
n 112 112 114
General characteristics
 Sex, male 69 (61.6%) 61 (54.5%) 56 (49.1%)
 Age, months 22.8 (6.8) 23.2 (6.2) 24.9 (6.4)
Age class
 12–23 months 61 (54.5%) 57 (50.9%) 44 (38.6%)
 24–36 months 51 (45.5%) 55 (49.1%) 70 (61.4%)
Nutritional markers
 Haemoglobin concentration, g/L 104.4 (13.2) 105.9 (13.3) 104.7 (13.3)
Anaemia
 Moderate (haemoglobin concentration 70–99.99 g/L) 33 (29.5%) 34 (30.4%) 36 (31.6%)
 Mild (haemoglobin concentration 100–109.99 g/L) 39 (34.8%) 31 (27.7%) 37 (32.5%)
 No anaemia (haemoglobin concentration ≥ 110 g/L) 40 (35.7%) 47 (42.0%) 41 (36.0%)
Anthropometric markers
 Body height, cm 80.9 (5.9) 82.1 (5.7) 82.4 (5.1)
 Body weight, kg 10.6 (1.8) 10.8 (2.0) 10.9 (1.7)
 Stunted (height-for-age z-score < −2 SD) 34 (30.4%) 31 (27.7%) 37 (32.5%)
 Wasted (weight-for-height z-score < − 2 SD) 3 (2.7%) 5 (4.5%) 2 (1.8%)
 Underweight (weight-for-age z-score < − 2 SD) 19 (17.0%) 12 (10.7%) 15 (13.2%)
  1. Values indicate n (%), mean (SD)