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Table 1 Regression analysis on the determinants of efficiency

From: Equity and efficiency of medical service systems at the provincial level of China’s mainland: a comparative study from 2009 to 2014

Variables Non-standardized coefficients β t P values 95% CI
B SD Lower Upper
X1 Proportion of the urban population (%) − 0.001 0.003 − 0.088 − 0.393 0.695 − 0.007 0.004
X2 Proportion of population aged 0–14 and 65 and over (%) 0.019 0.004 0.379 4.760 0.000 0.011 0.026
X3 Proportion of the illiterate among aged 15 and over (%) 0.009 0.002 0.305 4.255 0.000 0.005 0.013
X4 Per capita GDP (thousand, CNY) 0.007 0.001 0.777 7.323 0.000 0.005 0.009
X5 The level of per capita health expenditures (%) 0.015 0.011 0.123 1.353 0.178 − 0.007 0.036
X6 Proportion of people covered with urban health insurance schemes (%) 0.001 0.001 0.041 0.620 0.536 − 0.001 0.003
X7 Proportion of tertiary hospitals out of total hospitals (‰) − 0.021 0.010 − 0.213 −1.978 0.049* − 0.041 0.000
X8 Proportion of profit hospitals out of total hospitals (%) − 0.001 0.001 − 0.005 − 0.067 0.947 − 0.003 0.001
X9 Proportion of primary medical personnel (%) 0.012 0.003 0.516 4.748 0.000 0.007 0.017
X10 Proportion of the medical services in primary medical facilities (%) 0.004 0.002 0.257 2.398 0.018* 0 0.008
  1. The value of α (the constant item) was not presented in this table because each DMU had a unique constant value in the regression model. P < 0.001, *P < 0.05